Extreme fertilisation bias towards freshly inseminated sperm in a species exhibiting prolonged female sperm storage

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Abstract

The storage of sperm by females across successive reproductive cycles is well documented in internal fertilizers, yet the fate of stored sperm when they compete with ‘new’ sperm to fertilize a female's eggs has rarely been considered. This gap in our understanding is likely due to the logistical difficulties of controlling behavioural interactions during or after mating, which in turn may influence how many sperm are inseminated and how stored sperm are ultimately used during successive bouts of sperm competition with freshly inseminated sperm. Here, we use artificial insemination (AI) in guppies (Poecilia reticulata), a polyandrous live-bearing poeciliid fish exhibiting prolonged sperm storage by females, to overcome these challenges. The use of AI enables us to control potential differential maternal effects (e.g. behaviourally mediated cryptic female choice) and specifically test for post-copulatory paternity biases that favour either stored or fresh sperm when they compete to fertilize eggs. Our paternity analyses revealed the almost complete dominance of freshly inseminated sperm over stored sperm, supporting previous studies reporting similar patterns following natural matings across successive brood cycles. However, our use of AI, which excluded behavioural interactions between males and females, most likely generated a far stronger pattern of fresh sperm precedence compared with those reported in previous studies, possibly implicating ‘cryptic' forms of selection by females that may sometimes bolster the success of stored sperm.
Original languageEnglish
Article number172195
Number of pages7
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

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Fertilization
Spermatozoa
Artificial Insemination
Poecilia
Eggs
Fertilizers
Fishes

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title = "Extreme fertilisation bias towards freshly inseminated sperm in a species exhibiting prolonged female sperm storage",
abstract = "The storage of sperm by females across successive reproductive cycles is well documented in internal fertilizers, yet the fate of stored sperm when they compete with ‘new’ sperm to fertilize a female's eggs has rarely been considered. This gap in our understanding is likely due to the logistical difficulties of controlling behavioural interactions during or after mating, which in turn may influence how many sperm are inseminated and how stored sperm are ultimately used during successive bouts of sperm competition with freshly inseminated sperm. Here, we use artificial insemination (AI) in guppies (Poecilia reticulata), a polyandrous live-bearing poeciliid fish exhibiting prolonged sperm storage by females, to overcome these challenges. The use of AI enables us to control potential differential maternal effects (e.g. behaviourally mediated cryptic female choice) and specifically test for post-copulatory paternity biases that favour either stored or fresh sperm when they compete to fertilize eggs. Our paternity analyses revealed the almost complete dominance of freshly inseminated sperm over stored sperm, supporting previous studies reporting similar patterns following natural matings across successive brood cycles. However, our use of AI, which excluded behavioural interactions between males and females, most likely generated a far stronger pattern of fresh sperm precedence compared with those reported in previous studies, possibly implicating ‘cryptic' forms of selection by females that may sometimes bolster the success of stored sperm.",
author = "Clelia Gasparini and Daymond, {Emma Lauren} and Evans, {Jonathan Paul}",
year = "2018",
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N2 - The storage of sperm by females across successive reproductive cycles is well documented in internal fertilizers, yet the fate of stored sperm when they compete with ‘new’ sperm to fertilize a female's eggs has rarely been considered. This gap in our understanding is likely due to the logistical difficulties of controlling behavioural interactions during or after mating, which in turn may influence how many sperm are inseminated and how stored sperm are ultimately used during successive bouts of sperm competition with freshly inseminated sperm. Here, we use artificial insemination (AI) in guppies (Poecilia reticulata), a polyandrous live-bearing poeciliid fish exhibiting prolonged sperm storage by females, to overcome these challenges. The use of AI enables us to control potential differential maternal effects (e.g. behaviourally mediated cryptic female choice) and specifically test for post-copulatory paternity biases that favour either stored or fresh sperm when they compete to fertilize eggs. Our paternity analyses revealed the almost complete dominance of freshly inseminated sperm over stored sperm, supporting previous studies reporting similar patterns following natural matings across successive brood cycles. However, our use of AI, which excluded behavioural interactions between males and females, most likely generated a far stronger pattern of fresh sperm precedence compared with those reported in previous studies, possibly implicating ‘cryptic' forms of selection by females that may sometimes bolster the success of stored sperm.

AB - The storage of sperm by females across successive reproductive cycles is well documented in internal fertilizers, yet the fate of stored sperm when they compete with ‘new’ sperm to fertilize a female's eggs has rarely been considered. This gap in our understanding is likely due to the logistical difficulties of controlling behavioural interactions during or after mating, which in turn may influence how many sperm are inseminated and how stored sperm are ultimately used during successive bouts of sperm competition with freshly inseminated sperm. Here, we use artificial insemination (AI) in guppies (Poecilia reticulata), a polyandrous live-bearing poeciliid fish exhibiting prolonged sperm storage by females, to overcome these challenges. The use of AI enables us to control potential differential maternal effects (e.g. behaviourally mediated cryptic female choice) and specifically test for post-copulatory paternity biases that favour either stored or fresh sperm when they compete to fertilize eggs. Our paternity analyses revealed the almost complete dominance of freshly inseminated sperm over stored sperm, supporting previous studies reporting similar patterns following natural matings across successive brood cycles. However, our use of AI, which excluded behavioural interactions between males and females, most likely generated a far stronger pattern of fresh sperm precedence compared with those reported in previous studies, possibly implicating ‘cryptic' forms of selection by females that may sometimes bolster the success of stored sperm.

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