Expression of low affinity NGF (p75) receptors in rat superior colliculus: studies in vivo, in vitro and in fetal tectal grafts

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    Abstract

    The distribution and level of expression of the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) in the rat visual system has been investigated under a number of experimental conditions. The aim was to determine the cellular location of the receptor and to study the factors which influence its expression. The monoclonal antibody 192-Ig and immunohistochemical techniques were used to examine LNGFR expression in (i) developing and adult rat superior colliculus (SC), (ii) fetal collicular tissue transplanted to the midbrain of newborn host rats, (iii) the SC of rats which had been unilaterally enucleated at birth, and (iv) mixed glial cell cultures from the neonatal SC. The effect of eye removal on LNGFR immunoreactivity in other normally retino-recipient areas was also assessed. Postnatal maturation of the rat SC was associated with an increase in LNGFR immunoreactivity. At birth, weak staining was seen ventral to the superficial gray layer. Staining gradually became located more dorsally until in the adult there was a dense band of immunoreactivity that extended 50-100 mu m from the surface. Immunoreactive processes and cellular-like profiles were seen. Compared to adult host SC there was considerably more LNGFR immunoreactivity in transplanted tectal tissue, irrespective of whether the grafts were connected to the host. LNGFR expression in transplants was patchy and usually contiguous with the graft surface. Staining was not obviously related to the distribution of astrocytes or microglia and very few cells were LNGFR positive in tectal glial cell cultures. In SC and in tectal grafts it is probable that LNGFR immunoreactivity was primarily associated with intrinsic neurons. In support of this, LNGFR expression in the superficial SC was unaffected by neonatal eye removal; however, LNGFR staining in the pretectum and diencephalon was reduced or absent on the side contralateral to visual deafferentation. These conflicting sets of data suggest that (i) LNGFRs in central visual pathways are sometimes, but by no means always, associated with retinal innervation and (ii) LNGFR expression in visual target areas originates from diverse sources and is influenced and regulated by a variety of factors. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)237-249
    JournalExperimental Neurology
    Volume130
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1994

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    Nerve Growth Factor Receptors
    Nerve Growth Factor Receptor
    Superior Colliculi
    Transplants
    Staining and Labeling
    Neuroglia
    In Vitro Techniques
    Cell Culture Techniques
    Parturition
    Diencephalon
    Visual Pathways
    Microglia
    Mesencephalon
    Astrocytes
    Fetus
    Monoclonal Antibodies

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    title = "Expression of low affinity NGF (p75) receptors in rat superior colliculus: studies in vivo, in vitro and in fetal tectal grafts",
    abstract = "The distribution and level of expression of the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) in the rat visual system has been investigated under a number of experimental conditions. The aim was to determine the cellular location of the receptor and to study the factors which influence its expression. The monoclonal antibody 192-Ig and immunohistochemical techniques were used to examine LNGFR expression in (i) developing and adult rat superior colliculus (SC), (ii) fetal collicular tissue transplanted to the midbrain of newborn host rats, (iii) the SC of rats which had been unilaterally enucleated at birth, and (iv) mixed glial cell cultures from the neonatal SC. The effect of eye removal on LNGFR immunoreactivity in other normally retino-recipient areas was also assessed. Postnatal maturation of the rat SC was associated with an increase in LNGFR immunoreactivity. At birth, weak staining was seen ventral to the superficial gray layer. Staining gradually became located more dorsally until in the adult there was a dense band of immunoreactivity that extended 50-100 mu m from the surface. Immunoreactive processes and cellular-like profiles were seen. Compared to adult host SC there was considerably more LNGFR immunoreactivity in transplanted tectal tissue, irrespective of whether the grafts were connected to the host. LNGFR expression in transplants was patchy and usually contiguous with the graft surface. Staining was not obviously related to the distribution of astrocytes or microglia and very few cells were LNGFR positive in tectal glial cell cultures. In SC and in tectal grafts it is probable that LNGFR immunoreactivity was primarily associated with intrinsic neurons. In support of this, LNGFR expression in the superficial SC was unaffected by neonatal eye removal; however, LNGFR staining in the pretectum and diencephalon was reduced or absent on the side contralateral to visual deafferentation. These conflicting sets of data suggest that (i) LNGFRs in central visual pathways are sometimes, but by no means always, associated with retinal innervation and (ii) LNGFR expression in visual target areas originates from diverse sources and is influenced and regulated by a variety of factors. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.",
    author = "Alan Harvey",
    year = "1994",
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    language = "English",
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    pages = "237--249",
    journal = "Experimental Neurology",
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    T1 - Expression of low affinity NGF (p75) receptors in rat superior colliculus: studies in vivo, in vitro and in fetal tectal grafts

    AU - Harvey, Alan

    PY - 1994

    Y1 - 1994

    N2 - The distribution and level of expression of the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) in the rat visual system has been investigated under a number of experimental conditions. The aim was to determine the cellular location of the receptor and to study the factors which influence its expression. The monoclonal antibody 192-Ig and immunohistochemical techniques were used to examine LNGFR expression in (i) developing and adult rat superior colliculus (SC), (ii) fetal collicular tissue transplanted to the midbrain of newborn host rats, (iii) the SC of rats which had been unilaterally enucleated at birth, and (iv) mixed glial cell cultures from the neonatal SC. The effect of eye removal on LNGFR immunoreactivity in other normally retino-recipient areas was also assessed. Postnatal maturation of the rat SC was associated with an increase in LNGFR immunoreactivity. At birth, weak staining was seen ventral to the superficial gray layer. Staining gradually became located more dorsally until in the adult there was a dense band of immunoreactivity that extended 50-100 mu m from the surface. Immunoreactive processes and cellular-like profiles were seen. Compared to adult host SC there was considerably more LNGFR immunoreactivity in transplanted tectal tissue, irrespective of whether the grafts were connected to the host. LNGFR expression in transplants was patchy and usually contiguous with the graft surface. Staining was not obviously related to the distribution of astrocytes or microglia and very few cells were LNGFR positive in tectal glial cell cultures. In SC and in tectal grafts it is probable that LNGFR immunoreactivity was primarily associated with intrinsic neurons. In support of this, LNGFR expression in the superficial SC was unaffected by neonatal eye removal; however, LNGFR staining in the pretectum and diencephalon was reduced or absent on the side contralateral to visual deafferentation. These conflicting sets of data suggest that (i) LNGFRs in central visual pathways are sometimes, but by no means always, associated with retinal innervation and (ii) LNGFR expression in visual target areas originates from diverse sources and is influenced and regulated by a variety of factors. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.

    AB - The distribution and level of expression of the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) in the rat visual system has been investigated under a number of experimental conditions. The aim was to determine the cellular location of the receptor and to study the factors which influence its expression. The monoclonal antibody 192-Ig and immunohistochemical techniques were used to examine LNGFR expression in (i) developing and adult rat superior colliculus (SC), (ii) fetal collicular tissue transplanted to the midbrain of newborn host rats, (iii) the SC of rats which had been unilaterally enucleated at birth, and (iv) mixed glial cell cultures from the neonatal SC. The effect of eye removal on LNGFR immunoreactivity in other normally retino-recipient areas was also assessed. Postnatal maturation of the rat SC was associated with an increase in LNGFR immunoreactivity. At birth, weak staining was seen ventral to the superficial gray layer. Staining gradually became located more dorsally until in the adult there was a dense band of immunoreactivity that extended 50-100 mu m from the surface. Immunoreactive processes and cellular-like profiles were seen. Compared to adult host SC there was considerably more LNGFR immunoreactivity in transplanted tectal tissue, irrespective of whether the grafts were connected to the host. LNGFR expression in transplants was patchy and usually contiguous with the graft surface. Staining was not obviously related to the distribution of astrocytes or microglia and very few cells were LNGFR positive in tectal glial cell cultures. In SC and in tectal grafts it is probable that LNGFR immunoreactivity was primarily associated with intrinsic neurons. In support of this, LNGFR expression in the superficial SC was unaffected by neonatal eye removal; however, LNGFR staining in the pretectum and diencephalon was reduced or absent on the side contralateral to visual deafferentation. These conflicting sets of data suggest that (i) LNGFRs in central visual pathways are sometimes, but by no means always, associated with retinal innervation and (ii) LNGFR expression in visual target areas originates from diverse sources and is influenced and regulated by a variety of factors. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.

    U2 - 10.1006/exnr.1994.1202

    DO - 10.1006/exnr.1994.1202

    M3 - Article

    VL - 130

    SP - 237

    EP - 249

    JO - Experimental Neurology

    JF - Experimental Neurology

    SN - 0014-4886

    ER -