Projects per year
The freeze-out of impurities in LNG production can pose significant operational risks and lead to costly blockage-induced plant shutdowns. Study of ternary and higher-order mixtures, which are more analogous to LNG, present the critical tests of thermodynamic models in terms of their utility and predictive accuracy. In this work, a visual CryoSolids apparatus was upgraded to allow analytical measurements of solvent composition in multi-component systems where a solid phase is present at equilibrium. The analytical system, which included a ROLSI sampling valve and capillary together with a gas chromatograph, was successfully commissioned and used to measure melting temperatures and solvent compositions of a ternary mixture containing methane, ethane, and benzene at temperatures down to 125 K and pressures up to 6 MPa. The effect on the solubility of benzene by adding ethane to the solvent was investigated by varying the ethane mole fraction from 0 to 0.96. The resulting temperature at which benzene melted into the liquid solvent decreased from 246 K at 4.7 MPa to 125 K at 5.7 MPa. The comparison of results with the ThermoFAST model showed that it could describe the new data with a deviation less than 1 K for ethane liquid phase mole fractions from 0 < xC2< 0.5, which increased to less than 4 K for 0.85 < xC2< 0.97. This result indicates that ThermoFAST satisfactorily represents SFE conditions in LNG mixtures of industrial relevance but needs improvement to cover wider ranges of composition.