Experimental solid-liquid equilibria and solid formation kinetics for carbon dioxide in methane for LNG processing

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Abstract

In cryogenic liquefaction processes, CO2 poses a solid-formation risk even in trace concentrations. We present solid-fluid equilibrium (SFE) data for CO2 in liquid methane at CO2 concentrations from (52 to 500) ppm, extending the available data and indicating that models tuned to existing data over predict the solubility of CO2 at LNG storage temperatures (similar to 112 K) by nearly a factor of 3. The new data are used to improve the SFE model in the ThermoFAST software package. The formation kinetics of CO2 solids in liquid methane are elucidated at conditions relevant to cryogenic gas processing. Repeated, ramped-temperature formation measurements provide a statistical basis for quantifying solidification risk. Nucleation rates extracted from the ramped-temperature data, consistent with those measured at fixed temperature, were used to extract parameters describing CO2 solid formation in methane. These results significantly improve the ability to predict CO2 solid formation risk in cryogenic natural gas processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18001
Number of pages13
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume69
Issue number4
Early online date11 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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