Experimental investigation on the strength characteristics of cement paste backfill in a similar stope model and its mechanism

Qiu song Chen, Qin li Zhang, Andy Fourie, Ling Xin Chen, Chong chong Qi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The strength comparison of cement paste backfill (CPB) in situ and laboratory exhibit contrary results both in some publications and case-based data. Based on this issue, this paper investigates the strength characteristics of CPB in a stope. A group of experiments in a large similar stope model (SSM) was designed for simulating the consolidation of CPB in a stope, then the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test on specimens cored in the different position of CPB sample in SSM was conducted. Moreover, macrostructure (high-definition photography and borehole imaging) and microstructure (scanning electron microscopy, SEM) were carried out to help to explain the mechanism. The results indicate that: (i) the strength presents a wave-type change along the horizontal flow direction of paste; (ii) in the gravity direction, the strength decreases gradually from the bottom to the top of the SSM, and there exiss sharp changes at some top sections of the SSM; (iii) SEM analyses indicated that the specimens of higher strength showed more compact structure and denser hydration products of Aft, C-S-H and Ca (OH). The strength characteristics of CPB in SSM can be explained by sediment dynamics combined with the macrostructure, microstructure, and 4 strength zones can be concluded accordingly. The studies may guide both backfill study and design.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)34-43
    Number of pages10
    JournalConstruction and Building Materials
    Volume154
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017

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    Ointments
    Cements
    Microstructure
    Scanning electron microscopy
    Photography
    Boreholes
    Hydration
    Consolidation
    Compressive strength
    Gravitation
    Sediments
    Imaging techniques
    Experiments

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The strength comparison of cement paste backfill (CPB) in situ and laboratory exhibit contrary results both in some publications and case-based data. Based on this issue, this paper investigates the strength characteristics of CPB in a stope. A group of experiments in a large similar stope model (SSM) was designed for simulating the consolidation of CPB in a stope, then the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test on specimens cored in the different position of CPB sample in SSM was conducted. Moreover, macrostructure (high-definition photography and borehole imaging) and microstructure (scanning electron microscopy, SEM) were carried out to help to explain the mechanism. The results indicate that: (i) the strength presents a wave-type change along the horizontal flow direction of paste; (ii) in the gravity direction, the strength decreases gradually from the bottom to the top of the SSM, and there exiss sharp changes at some top sections of the SSM; (iii) SEM analyses indicated that the specimens of higher strength showed more compact structure and denser hydration products of Aft, C-S-H and Ca (OH). The strength characteristics of CPB in SSM can be explained by sediment dynamics combined with the macrostructure, microstructure, and 4 strength zones can be concluded accordingly. The studies may guide both backfill study and design.",
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    author = "Chen, {Qiu song} and Zhang, {Qin li} and Andy Fourie and Chen, {Ling Xin} and Qi, {Chong chong}",
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    Experimental investigation on the strength characteristics of cement paste backfill in a similar stope model and its mechanism. / Chen, Qiu song; Zhang, Qin li; Fourie, Andy; Chen, Ling Xin; Qi, Chong chong.

    In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 154, 15.11.2017, p. 34-43.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Chen, Qiu song

    AU - Zhang, Qin li

    AU - Fourie, Andy

    AU - Chen, Ling Xin

    AU - Qi, Chong chong

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