Experimental investigates on hydrodynamic characteristics of gravity installed anchors with a booster

Jun Liu, Congcong Han, Yueyuan Ma, Zhongtao Wang, Yuxia Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The plate shaped gravity installed anchor (GIA) provides a potential alternative to deepwater mooring systems as its dynamic installation and diving behavior. However, the anchor final penetration depth in seabed soils, especially in soils with high strength gradient, is relatively shallow due to the limited impact velocity and large contact area between the anchor and the surrounding soil. An innovative booster concept is put forward in this study to increase the anchor final penetration depth by increasing the kinetic energy during free fall in water and gravitational energy during dynamic penetration within seabed. The booster is attached to the rear of the anchor during installation and can be retrieved after installation for reuse. The present study performed model tests with the aim of investigating the working efficiency of booster on the impact velocity of the GIA during free fall in the water column. A mini motion tracing device (MTD) is developed to record the anchor free fall history in water. The hydrodynamic characteristics, including the terminal velocity, drag coefficient and directional stability, for the GIA were studied. A series of experimental cases were subsequently conducted to study the effects of the adding booster on the impact velocity and directional stability of the GIA. The testing results demonstrated that both the directional stability and the release height can be improved for the GIA with a booster, thus the anchor impact velocity is increased. The anchor kinetic energy is significantly increased due to the additional mass and increased impact velocity by the booster, which ensures the anchor to be embedded deeper within seabed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-53
Number of pages16
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2018


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