Experiences and Attitudes of Parents Reducing Carbohydrate Intake in the Management of Their Child's Type 1 Diabetes: A Qualitative Study

Amelia J. Harray, Alison G. Roberts, Naomi E. Crosby, Charlene Shoneye, Keely Bebbington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing carbohydrate (CHO) intake is being used as an approach to manage type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children. This study aimed to investigate the experiences and attitudes of parents of children with T1D who are reducing CHO intake to help manage blood glucose levels (BGLs). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the parents of children with T1D for >1 year who reported implementing a low CHO approach to manage BGLs. Data were analysed using a constant comparative analysis approach. Participants (n = 14) were parents of children (6.6 ± 2.0 years) with T1D in Western Australia. All parents reported different methods of CHO restriction and all perceived that benefits outweighed challenges. Parents reported feeling less worried, had improved sleep and felt their child was safer when using a low CHO approach due to more stable BGLs. Reported challenges included: increased cost and time spent preparing food; perceived judgement from others; and child dissatisfaction with restricted food choices. Parents reported accessing information and support through social media networks. Parents reported a desire for more research into this approach. Understanding the promoters and barriers for this dietary approach may inform strategies to better engage and support families with approaches that align with current evidence while considering their concerns around safety and hyperglycaemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1666
JournalNutrients
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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