Piezoballs, which are full-flow ball penetrometers incorporating pore pressure measurements, are an attractive soft soil characterisation tool as they allow measurement of the intact and remoulded strength and the consolidation coefficient in a single test. The merit of full-flow penetrometers as a reliable tool that is superior to the cone in quantifying the strength of soft clay is gaining acceptance. Much of the recent focus on piezoballs has been on the pore pressure measurement location. Prompted by recent studies that highlight the merit of measuring pore pressure concurrently at more than one measurement location, this paper considers a new centrifuge-scale piezoball, with simultaneous pore pressure measurement at the equator and mid-face positions. Results from centrifuge tests in normally consolidated kaolin clay form the basis for the examination and yield coefficients of consolidation that are consistent with values derived using a number of different methods. Although the mid-face position appears to be the more sensible pore pressure measurement position for dissipation tests, consideration of the values measured at both positions provide strong indications of the drainage response during penetration that is shown in the paper to be important for deriving coefficients of consolidation from subsequent dissipation phases.
|Journal||International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics|
|Early online date||22 Aug 2016|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2016|