Exogenously-sourced ethylene modulates defense mechanisms and promotes tolerance to zinc stress in mustard (Brassica juncea l.)

M. Iqbal R. Khan, Badar Jahan, Mohamed F. Alajmi, Md Tabish Rehman, Nafees A. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heavy metal (HM) contamination of agricultural soil is primarily related to anthropogenic perturbations. Exposure to high concentration of HMs causes toxicity and undesirable effects in plants. In this study, the significance of ethylene was studied in response of mustard (Brassica juncea) to a high level (200 mg kg−1 soil) of zinc (Zn) exposure. Plants with high Zn showed inhibited photosynthesis and growth with the increase in oxidative stress. Application of ethylene (as ethephon) to Zn-grown plants restored photosynthesis and growth by inhibiting oxidative stress through increased antioxidant activity, the proline metabolism glyoxalase system, and nutrient homoeostasis. The results suggested that ethylene played a role in modulating defense mechanisms for tolerance of plants to Zn stress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number540
JournalPlants
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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