Exhaustive Intermittent Cycling Preferentially Decreases Explosive Over Maximal Voluntary Torque in the Knee Extensors, With No Difference Between Normoxia and Moderate to Severe Hypoxia

Olivier Girard, Sébastien Racinais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of graded hypoxia during exhaustive intermittent cycling on subsequent rapid and maximal torque-production capacity. METHODS: Fifteen well-trained cyclists repeated intermittent cycling bouts (15 s at 30% of anaerobic power reserve; rest = 45 s) until exhaustion at sea level (FiO2 ∼0.21/end-exercise arterial oxygen saturation ∼96%), moderate hypoxia (FiO2 ∼0.16/∼90%), and severe hypoxia (FiO2 ∼0.12/∼79%). Rapid (rate of torque development [RTD]) and maximal isometric torque-production capacities of the knee extensors were assessed at baseline (visit 1) and exhaustion (visits 2-4). RESULTS: Exercise capacity decreased with hypoxia severity (39 [30], 22 [13], and 13 [6] cycle efforts in sea level, moderate hypoxia, and severe hypoxia, respectively; P = .002). Changes in maximal-voluntary-contraction torque between baseline and postexercise in all conditions were not statistically significant (pooled values: -2.6% [5.7%]; P = .162). Peak RTD measured postexercise was reduced below baseline in all conditions (-21.5% [5.1%]; P ≤ .015). Compared with baseline, absolute RTD values were lower at 0- to 30-millisecond (-35.1% [5.3%], P ≤ .020), 0- to 50-millisecond (-40.0% [3.9%], P ≤ .002), 0- to 100-millisecond (-30.7% [3.7%], P ≤ .001), and 0- to 200-millisecond (-18.1% [2.4%], P ≤ .004) time intervals in all conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Exhaustive intermittent cycling induces substantial yet comparable impairments in RTD of knee extensors between normoxia and moderate to severe hypoxia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1352-1356
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023

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