Exercise Management for Young People With Type 1 Diabetes: A Structured Approach to the Exercise Consultation

Tarini Chetty, Vinutha Shetty, Paul Fournier, Peter Adolfsson, Timothy Jones, Elizabeth Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Regular physical activity during childhood is important for optimal physical and psychological development. For individuals with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), physical activity offers many health benefits including improved glycemic control, cardiovascular function, blood lipid profiles, and psychological well-being. Despite these benefits, many young people with T1D do not meet physical activity recommendations. Barriers to engaging in a physically active lifestyle include fear of hypoglycemia, as well as insufficient knowledge in managing diabetes around exercise in both individuals and health care professionals. Diabetes and exercise management is complex, and many factors can influence an individual's glycemic response to exercise including exercise related factors (such as type, intensity and duration of the activity) and person specific factors (amount of insulin on board, person's stress/anxiety and fitness levels). International guidelines provide recommendations for clinical practice, however a gap remains in how to apply these guidelines to a pediatric exercise consultation. Consequently, it can be challenging for health care practitioners to advise young people with T1D how to approach exercise management in a busy clinic setting. This review provides a structured approach to the child/adolescent exercise consultation, based on a framework of questions, to assist the health care professional in formulating person-specific exercise management plans for young people with T1D.

Original languageEnglish
Article number326
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Issue numberJUN
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2019


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