Exercise induced hemolysis, inflammation and hepcidin activity in endurance trained runners

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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    [Truncated abstract] Iron is a trace mineral used by the body in many physiological processes that are essential to athletic performance. Commonly, the body's iron stores are compromised by exercise via several well established mechanisms. One such mechanism is the destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis), in response to the mechanical stress and circulatory strain of exercise. Although it appears that a force-dependent relationship between the heel-strike of the running gait and ground contact exists, the effects of the intensity trained at and the ground surface type trained upon have not been documented. Similarly, the effects of a cumulative training stress (i.e. multiple daily sessions) has not been examined. In addition to hemolysis, exercise also invokes an inflammatory response that results in an up-regulation of the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). This cytokine is the primary mediator of hepcidin expression, a liver-produced hormone that regulates iron metabolism in the gut and in macrophages. The influence of exercise on hepcidin expression is relatively unknown, and as such it is possible that this hormone may be a mitigating factor implicated in athletic-induced iron deficiency. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis was to investigate the effect of different training frequencies, intensities and ground surfaces on the hemolytic response. In addition, the impact of exercise-induced inflammation on hepcidin expression in the 24 h post-exercise was investigated, with the aim of determining whether this hormone may be a potential new mechanism associated with athletic-induced iron deficiency. Finally, an interaction between hemolysis and hepcidin activity was examined to investigate their potential combined effect on iron status in the 24 h post-exercise. ... Venous blood and urine samples were collected pre- and immediately post-exercise, and at 3 and 24 h of recovery. Samples were analysed for circulating levels of IL-6, free Hb, Hp, serum iron, ferritin and urinary hepcidin activity. At the conclusion of both the T1 and T2 interval runs, the free Hb and serum Hp were significantly increased (p
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2009


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