Examining associations between area-level spatial measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing behaviours and outcomes in an urban context

Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Rebecca Bentley, Carl Higgs, Rebecca Roberts, Christopher Pettit, Billie Giles-Corti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Adequate and affordable housing is a major social determinant of health; yet no work has attempted to conceptually map and spatially test area-level measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing outcomes. Sourcing data from 7,753 adults from Melbourne, Australia, we tested associations between area-level measures of housing density, tenure, and affordability with individual-level measures of neighbourhood safety, community satisfaction, and self-rated health. Compared with the reference groups, the odds of: feeling unsafe was higher for residents living in areas with less affordable housing; community dissatisfaction was ~30% higher in those living in areas with >36% residential properties assigned as rentals, and was significantly higher in the least affordable areas (OR =1.57). Compared with the reference groups, as dwelling density, proportion of rental properties, and housing unaffordability increased, the odds of reporting poorer self-rated health increased; however these associations did not always reach statistical significance. This work highlights the benefits of evidenced-based planning spatial measures to support health and wellbeing.

LanguageEnglish
Pages17-24
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume43
Early online date25 Nov 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

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housing
Health
affordable housing
health
reference group
Social Determinants of Health
spatial planning
statistical significance
community
Emotions
determinants
resident
safety
Safety

Cite this

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Examining associations between area-level spatial measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing behaviours and outcomes in an urban context. / Badland, Hannah; Foster, Sarah; Bentley, Rebecca; Higgs, Carl; Roberts, Rebecca; Pettit, Christopher; Giles-Corti, Billie.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 43, 01.01.2017, p. 17-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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