Evolving Role of Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: Early and Effective Rhythm Control

Shaojie Chen, Yuehui Yin, Zhiyu Ling, Christian Meyer, Helmut Pürerfellner, Martin Martinek, Márcio Galindo Kiuchi, Piotr Futyma, Lin Zhu, Alexandra Schratter, Jiazhi Wang, Willem Jan Acou, Philipp Sommer, Feifan Ouyang, Shaowen Liu, Julian K.R. Chun, Boris Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Catheter Ablation (CA) is an effective therapeutic option in treating atrial fibrillation (AF). Importantly, recent data show that CA as a rhythm control strategy not only significantly reduces AF burden, but also substantially improves clinical hard endpoints. Since AF is a progressive disease, the time of Diagnosis-to-Intervention appears crucial. Recent evidence shows that earlier rhythm control is associated with a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with early AF. Particularly, CA as an initial first line rhythm control strategy is associated with significant reduction of arrhythmia recurrence and rehospitalization in patients with paroxysmal AF. CA is shown to significantly lower the risk of progression from paroxysmal AF to persistent AF. When treating persistent AF, the overall clinical success after ablation remains unsatisfactory, however the ablation outcome in patients with “early” persistent AF appears better than those with “late” persistent AF. “Adjunctive” ablation on top of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), e.g., ablation of atrial low voltage area, left atrial posterior wall, vein of Marshall, left atrial appendage, etc., may further reduce arrhythmia recurrence in selected patient group. New ablation concepts or new ablation technologies have been developing to optimize therapeutic effects or safety profile and may ultimately improve the clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6871
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2022


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