Evolutionary genomics of recent clinical Bordetella pertussis isolates from Iran: wide circulation of multiple ptxP3 lineages and report of the first ptxP3 filamentous hemagglutinin-negative B. pertussis

Azadeh Safarchi, Samaneh Saedi, Sophie Octavia, Mehdi Sedaghatpour, Negin Bolourchi, Chin Yen Tay, Binit Lamichhane, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Ruiting Lan

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we investigated nationwide clinical Bordetella pertussis isolated during 2005–2017 from different provinces of Iran, a country with more than 50 years whole cell vaccine immunisation history. Our results revealed the ongoing increase in the population of ptxP3/fim3–2 B. pertussis isolates in different provinces which were differentiated into nine clades. The largest clade (clade 8) which was previously found to be prevalent in Tehran was also prevalent across the country and clade 5 with ptxP3/prn9 genotype has also increased in frequency (14% of all ptxP3 isolates) in recent years. Furthermore, we detected the first ptxP3 B. pertussis isolates that does not express filamentous hemagglutinin (FhaB) as one of the major antigens of the pathogen and a key component of the acellular pertussis vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104970
JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

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