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Three-dimensional (3D) object recognition is a challenging task for many applications including autonomous robot navigation and scene understanding. Accurate recognition relies on the selection/learning of discriminative features that are in turn used to uniquely characterize the objects. This paper proposes a novel Evolutionary Feature Learning (EFL) technique for 3D object recognition. The proposed novel automatic feature learning approach can operate directly on 3D raw data, alleviating the need for data pre-processing, human expertise and/or defining a large set of parameters. EFL offers smart search strategy to learn the best features in a huge feature space to achieve superior recognition performance. The proposed technique has been extensively evaluated for the task of 3D object recognition on four popular datasets including Washington RGB-D (low resolution 3D Video), CIN 2D3D, Willow 2D3D and ETH-80 object dataset. Reported experimental results and evaluation against existing state-of-the-art methods (e.g. unsupervised dictionary learning and deep networks) show that the proposed EFL consistently achieves superior performance on all these datasets.