Although the underdeveloped embryo, and thus morphological (MD) or morphophysiological (MPD) seed dormancy, is basal in angiosperms, it also occurs in advanced groups. A synthesis of the literature, combining phylogeny and the kind of seed dormancy in the highly evolutionarily advanced order Dipsacales, shows that MPD (or MD) occurs throughout all clades except the most advanced one, Valerina. Seeds of taxa in the Valerina clade have fully developed embryos and physiological dormancy (PD) or are non-dormant (ND); thus, PD and ND are derived conditions in Dipsacales. Assuming that types of seed dormancy have not changed since the Early Tertiary, the fossil record suggests that MPD (or MD) was present in extant genera of Dipsacales by the Palaeocene, but PD (or ND) not until the Miocene. Molecular dating indicates that the ages of dipsacalean lineages with MPD and PD are older than those indicated by the fossil evidence.