Evolution of herbicide resistance in weeds: initial frequency of target site-based resistance to acetolactate synthase-inhibiting herbicides in Lolium rigidum.

C. Preston, Stephen Powles

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    94 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The frequency of individuals resistant to two acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides in three previously untreated populations of Lolium rigidum was determined. The frequency of individuals resistant to the sulfonylurea herbicide sulfometuron-methyl varied from 2.2 x 10(-5) to 1.2 x 10(-4) and the frequency of individuals resistant to the imidazolinone herbicide imazapyr varied from 1 x 10(-5) to 5.8 x 10(-5) depending on the population. Application of sulfometuron-methyl selected individuals with a herbicide-insensitive ALS, which was also cross-resistant to imazapyr. The high initial frequency of individuals resistant to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in L. rigidum populations never previously exposed to these herbicides helps explain the rapid evolution of herbicide resistance in this species once ALS-inhibiting herbicides were used.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8-13
    JournalHeredity
    Volume88
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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