Evaluating the implementation and active living impacts of a state government planning policy designed to create walkable neighborhoods in Perth, Western Australia

Paula Hooper, B. Giles-Corti, Matthew Knuiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. Evaluate the implementation of a government planning policy (Liveable Neighbourhoods Guidelines) and its impacts on residents' walking behaviors. Design. Cross-sectional study of participants from the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE). Setting. Nineteen "liveable" and 17 "conventionally designed" housing developments across Perth, Western Australia. Subjects. Five hundred ninety-four participants from RESIDE who resided in 36 housing developments. Measures. Developed in geographic information systems to assess the on-ground implementation of 43 policy requirements. Policy compliance was defined as the degree to which construction of the developments adhered to the standards outlined. Walking behaviors were measured using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire. K-means cluster analyses identified groups of homogeneous developments with respect to policy implementation. Analysis. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations estimated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the likelihood of undertaking any and ≥60 minutes of transport and recreational walking associated with (1) policy compliance and (2) different clusters of developments. Results. There were few significant differences in on-ground outcomes between the two development types. Despite incomplete implementation, the odds of walking for transport increased with overall levels of policy compliance (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.13-2.08) and compliance with the community design (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.13-1.42), movement network (OR=2.49, 95% CI 1.38-4.50), and lot layout elements (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.06-1.50). Conclusion: Consistent with the aims of the policy, residents in walkable (i.e., liveable) neighborhoods may be more physically active. Copyright © 2014 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S5-S18
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume28
Issue numberSUPPL 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

government planning
state planning
State Government
Western Australia
Guideline Adherence
confidence
Odds Ratio
Walking
Confidence Intervals
residential environment
housing development
neighborhood policy
resident
Geographic Information Systems
policy implementation
Health Promotion
layout
cross-sectional study
health promotion
Cluster Analysis

Cite this

@article{3614182d91ad4a1995bb5e53d6b8048f,
title = "Evaluating the implementation and active living impacts of a state government planning policy designed to create walkable neighborhoods in Perth, Western Australia",
abstract = "Purpose. Evaluate the implementation of a government planning policy (Liveable Neighbourhoods Guidelines) and its impacts on residents' walking behaviors. Design. Cross-sectional study of participants from the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE). Setting. Nineteen {"}liveable{"} and 17 {"}conventionally designed{"} housing developments across Perth, Western Australia. Subjects. Five hundred ninety-four participants from RESIDE who resided in 36 housing developments. Measures. Developed in geographic information systems to assess the on-ground implementation of 43 policy requirements. Policy compliance was defined as the degree to which construction of the developments adhered to the standards outlined. Walking behaviors were measured using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire. K-means cluster analyses identified groups of homogeneous developments with respect to policy implementation. Analysis. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations estimated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (95{\%} CIs) for the likelihood of undertaking any and ≥60 minutes of transport and recreational walking associated with (1) policy compliance and (2) different clusters of developments. Results. There were few significant differences in on-ground outcomes between the two development types. Despite incomplete implementation, the odds of walking for transport increased with overall levels of policy compliance (OR = 1.53, 95{\%} CI 1.13-2.08) and compliance with the community design (OR = 1.3, 95{\%} CI 1.13-1.42), movement network (OR=2.49, 95{\%} CI 1.38-4.50), and lot layout elements (OR = 1.26, 95{\%} CI 1.06-1.50). Conclusion: Consistent with the aims of the policy, residents in walkable (i.e., liveable) neighborhoods may be more physically active. Copyright {\circledC} 2014 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.",
author = "Paula Hooper and B. Giles-Corti and Matthew Knuiman",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.4278/ajhp.130503-QUAN-226",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "S5--S18",
journal = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
issn = "0890-1171",
publisher = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
number = "SUPPL 3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating the implementation and active living impacts of a state government planning policy designed to create walkable neighborhoods in Perth, Western Australia

AU - Hooper, Paula

AU - Giles-Corti, B.

AU - Knuiman, Matthew

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose. Evaluate the implementation of a government planning policy (Liveable Neighbourhoods Guidelines) and its impacts on residents' walking behaviors. Design. Cross-sectional study of participants from the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE). Setting. Nineteen "liveable" and 17 "conventionally designed" housing developments across Perth, Western Australia. Subjects. Five hundred ninety-four participants from RESIDE who resided in 36 housing developments. Measures. Developed in geographic information systems to assess the on-ground implementation of 43 policy requirements. Policy compliance was defined as the degree to which construction of the developments adhered to the standards outlined. Walking behaviors were measured using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire. K-means cluster analyses identified groups of homogeneous developments with respect to policy implementation. Analysis. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations estimated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the likelihood of undertaking any and ≥60 minutes of transport and recreational walking associated with (1) policy compliance and (2) different clusters of developments. Results. There were few significant differences in on-ground outcomes between the two development types. Despite incomplete implementation, the odds of walking for transport increased with overall levels of policy compliance (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.13-2.08) and compliance with the community design (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.13-1.42), movement network (OR=2.49, 95% CI 1.38-4.50), and lot layout elements (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.06-1.50). Conclusion: Consistent with the aims of the policy, residents in walkable (i.e., liveable) neighborhoods may be more physically active. Copyright © 2014 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.

AB - Purpose. Evaluate the implementation of a government planning policy (Liveable Neighbourhoods Guidelines) and its impacts on residents' walking behaviors. Design. Cross-sectional study of participants from the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE). Setting. Nineteen "liveable" and 17 "conventionally designed" housing developments across Perth, Western Australia. Subjects. Five hundred ninety-four participants from RESIDE who resided in 36 housing developments. Measures. Developed in geographic information systems to assess the on-ground implementation of 43 policy requirements. Policy compliance was defined as the degree to which construction of the developments adhered to the standards outlined. Walking behaviors were measured using the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire. K-means cluster analyses identified groups of homogeneous developments with respect to policy implementation. Analysis. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations estimated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the likelihood of undertaking any and ≥60 minutes of transport and recreational walking associated with (1) policy compliance and (2) different clusters of developments. Results. There were few significant differences in on-ground outcomes between the two development types. Despite incomplete implementation, the odds of walking for transport increased with overall levels of policy compliance (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.13-2.08) and compliance with the community design (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.13-1.42), movement network (OR=2.49, 95% CI 1.38-4.50), and lot layout elements (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.06-1.50). Conclusion: Consistent with the aims of the policy, residents in walkable (i.e., liveable) neighborhoods may be more physically active. Copyright © 2014 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.

U2 - 10.4278/ajhp.130503-QUAN-226

DO - 10.4278/ajhp.130503-QUAN-226

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - S5-S18

JO - American Journal of Health Promotion

JF - American Journal of Health Promotion

SN - 0890-1171

IS - SUPPL 3

ER -