Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters: Nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp.

Mirta Teichberg, Sophia E. Fox, Ylva S. Olsen, Ivan Valiela, Paulina Martinetto, Oscar Iribarne, Elizabeti Yuriko Muto, Monica A V Petti, Thaïs N. Corbisier, Martín Soto-Jiménez, Federico Páez-Osuna, Paula Castro, Helena Freitas, Andreina Zitelli, Massimo Cardinaletti, Davide Tagliapietra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Receiving coastal waters and estuaries are among the most nutrient-enriched environments on earth, and one of the symptoms of the resulting eutrophication is the proliferation of opportunistic, fast-growing marine seaweeds. Here, we used a widespread macroalga often involved in blooms, Ulva spp., to investigate how supply of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), the two main potential growth-limiting nutrients, influence macroalgal growth in temperate and tropical coastal waters ranging from low- to high-nutrient supplies. We carried out N and P enrichment field experiments on Ulva spp. in seven coastal systems, with one of these systems represented by three different subestuaries, for a total of nine sites. We showed that rate of growth of Ulva spp. was directly correlated to annual dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations, where growth increased with increasing DIN concentration. Internal N pools of macroalgal fronds were also linked to increased DIN supply, and algal growth rates were tightly coupled to these internal N pools. The increases in DIN appeared to be related to greater inputs of wastewater to these coastal waters as indicated by high δ15N signatures of the algae as DIN increased. N and P enrichment experiments showed that rate of macroalgal growth was controlled by supply of DIN where ambient DIN concentrations were low, and by P where DIN concentrations were higher, regardless of latitude or geographic setting. These results suggest that understanding the basis for macroalgal blooms, and management of these harmful phenomena, will require information as to nutrient sources, and actions to reduce supply of N and P in coastal waters concerned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2624-2637
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Eutrophication
dissolved inorganic nitrogen
nutrient enrichment
Nutrients
eutrophication
coastal water
algal bloom
Nitrogen
Water
experiment
Experiments
nutrient
macroalga
Seaweed
seaweed
Estuaries
Algae
Phosphorus
alga
estuary

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Teichberg, Mirta ; Fox, Sophia E. ; Olsen, Ylva S. ; Valiela, Ivan ; Martinetto, Paulina ; Iribarne, Oscar ; Muto, Elizabeti Yuriko ; Petti, Monica A V ; Corbisier, Thaïs N. ; Soto-Jiménez, Martín ; Páez-Osuna, Federico ; Castro, Paula ; Freitas, Helena ; Zitelli, Andreina ; Cardinaletti, Massimo ; Tagliapietra, Davide. / Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters : Nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp. In: Global Change Biology. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 9. pp. 2624-2637.
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abstract = "Receiving coastal waters and estuaries are among the most nutrient-enriched environments on earth, and one of the symptoms of the resulting eutrophication is the proliferation of opportunistic, fast-growing marine seaweeds. Here, we used a widespread macroalga often involved in blooms, Ulva spp., to investigate how supply of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), the two main potential growth-limiting nutrients, influence macroalgal growth in temperate and tropical coastal waters ranging from low- to high-nutrient supplies. We carried out N and P enrichment field experiments on Ulva spp. in seven coastal systems, with one of these systems represented by three different subestuaries, for a total of nine sites. We showed that rate of growth of Ulva spp. was directly correlated to annual dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations, where growth increased with increasing DIN concentration. Internal N pools of macroalgal fronds were also linked to increased DIN supply, and algal growth rates were tightly coupled to these internal N pools. The increases in DIN appeared to be related to greater inputs of wastewater to these coastal waters as indicated by high δ15N signatures of the algae as DIN increased. N and P enrichment experiments showed that rate of macroalgal growth was controlled by supply of DIN where ambient DIN concentrations were low, and by P where DIN concentrations were higher, regardless of latitude or geographic setting. These results suggest that understanding the basis for macroalgal blooms, and management of these harmful phenomena, will require information as to nutrient sources, and actions to reduce supply of N and P in coastal waters concerned.",
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Teichberg, M, Fox, SE, Olsen, YS, Valiela, I, Martinetto, P, Iribarne, O, Muto, EY, Petti, MAV, Corbisier, TN, Soto-Jiménez, M, Páez-Osuna, F, Castro, P, Freitas, H, Zitelli, A, Cardinaletti, M & Tagliapietra, D 2010, 'Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters: Nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp.' Global Change Biology, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2624-2637. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02108.x

Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters : Nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp. / Teichberg, Mirta; Fox, Sophia E.; Olsen, Ylva S.; Valiela, Ivan; Martinetto, Paulina; Iribarne, Oscar; Muto, Elizabeti Yuriko; Petti, Monica A V; Corbisier, Thaïs N.; Soto-Jiménez, Martín; Páez-Osuna, Federico; Castro, Paula; Freitas, Helena; Zitelli, Andreina; Cardinaletti, Massimo; Tagliapietra, Davide.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 16, No. 9, 09.2010, p. 2624-2637.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters

T2 - Nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp.

AU - Teichberg, Mirta

AU - Fox, Sophia E.

AU - Olsen, Ylva S.

AU - Valiela, Ivan

AU - Martinetto, Paulina

AU - Iribarne, Oscar

AU - Muto, Elizabeti Yuriko

AU - Petti, Monica A V

AU - Corbisier, Thaïs N.

AU - Soto-Jiménez, Martín

AU - Páez-Osuna, Federico

AU - Castro, Paula

AU - Freitas, Helena

AU - Zitelli, Andreina

AU - Cardinaletti, Massimo

AU - Tagliapietra, Davide

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N2 - Receiving coastal waters and estuaries are among the most nutrient-enriched environments on earth, and one of the symptoms of the resulting eutrophication is the proliferation of opportunistic, fast-growing marine seaweeds. Here, we used a widespread macroalga often involved in blooms, Ulva spp., to investigate how supply of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), the two main potential growth-limiting nutrients, influence macroalgal growth in temperate and tropical coastal waters ranging from low- to high-nutrient supplies. We carried out N and P enrichment field experiments on Ulva spp. in seven coastal systems, with one of these systems represented by three different subestuaries, for a total of nine sites. We showed that rate of growth of Ulva spp. was directly correlated to annual dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations, where growth increased with increasing DIN concentration. Internal N pools of macroalgal fronds were also linked to increased DIN supply, and algal growth rates were tightly coupled to these internal N pools. The increases in DIN appeared to be related to greater inputs of wastewater to these coastal waters as indicated by high δ15N signatures of the algae as DIN increased. N and P enrichment experiments showed that rate of macroalgal growth was controlled by supply of DIN where ambient DIN concentrations were low, and by P where DIN concentrations were higher, regardless of latitude or geographic setting. These results suggest that understanding the basis for macroalgal blooms, and management of these harmful phenomena, will require information as to nutrient sources, and actions to reduce supply of N and P in coastal waters concerned.

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KW - Eutrophication

KW - Macroalgal growth

KW - N stable isotopes

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Nutrient limitation

KW - Phosphorus

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KW - Wastewater

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