Estimation of the Surface Stress from the Streamwise Pressure Gradient : The Karman Integral Momentum Equation Revisited

P.A. Findlater, W.D. Scott, S.A. Greenhill, Jenny Hopwood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A method is developed to estimate the stress at the surface in a portable wind tunnel for wind erosion studies. The boundary layer height and the pressure gradient are used in a simple expression from the Karman Integral Momentum Equation. Values of friction velocity u(*) are within 10% of experimental values obtained through correlation techniques, including measurements of differential pressures with the Murdoch Turbulence Probe MTP and the X-wire, hot-wire anemometer XWA. Wind velocity and stress profiles reveal logarithmic trends and a 'constant stress layer' near the surface in the DAWA portable wind tunnel. Realignment of the statistics with the mean wind is essential.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)367-383
    JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
    Volume4
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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