Estimation of Ethanol Mass Delivery to Groundwater from Silicone Polymer Mats

M.E. Grassi, B.M. Patterson, G.B. Davis, B.S. Robertson, Allan Mckinley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Hollow-fiber silicone tubing, coiled and shaped as mats, has been evaluated for its potential to provide predictable delivery of ethanol to aquifers to promote reducing conditions for enhanced bioremediation of a range of contaminants in groundwater. A model was developed to predict the steady-state mass flux of diffusional ethanol delivery to an external aqueous phase from an aqueous ethanol solution present inside the polymer tubing mat, and an effective diffusion coefficient of ethanol through the silicone tubing of 1.22 x 10(-6) cm(2) s(-1) was determined experimentally. The model was then validated in column-scale laboratory and field experiments where polymer mats configured as permeable reactive barriers maintained uniform diffusive delivery of ethanol. Steady-state mass flux delivery ratios of ethanol through the polymer tubing wall of 1.45 (+/- 0.18) x 10(6) to 1.64 (+/- 0.17) x 10(6) s cm(-1) were determined under laboratory conditions, and 2.43 (+/- 1.47) x 10(6) s cm(-1) under field conditions, which were found to be statistically similar to model-predicted ethanol mass flux delivery ratios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5453-5459
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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