Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estimating the horizontal rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline is a key step in estimating changes in the pipelines burial state and on-bottom stability due to sediment transport. However, whilst recent work has been undertaken to estimate the horizontal rate for non-cohesive uniform sands in steady current, in field conditions currents can vary in time and the sediment can be fine grained and exhibit very different erosion properties to sand. As a first attempt to account for these complications, in this paper we present results from a series of experiments designed to measure the rate of scour along a model pipeline in time varying currents and in a fine grained sediment. The scour experiments are also supplemented by erosion testing, which indicate that the erosion resistance of the fine grained sediment is larger than that predicted by the well-known Shields curve. Based on the scour experiments, it is found that in time-varying currents the scour rate can be predicted using an amalgamation of the results obtained for steady current conditions; this is a convenient result because theoretical predictions already exist for the scour rate in steady current conditions. In the fine grained sediment experiments, it is found that the horizontal rate of scour is much lower than that predicted by existing theoretical models that assume a non-cohesive sandy seabed. To provide an improved estimate of the horizontal rate of scour, a new theoretical model is introduced that relates the horizontal rate of scour to the measured erosion properties of the sediment. This new model is found to agree well with the experimental measurements. Although further experimental testing is recommended, in combination, it appears that these results may be used to better estimate the horizontal rate of scour in both time-varying and fine grained sediment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018)
Subtitle of host publicationPipelines, risers, and subsea systems
Place of PublicationUnited States
PublisherThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages9
Volume5
ISBN (Electronic)9780791851241
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018 - Madrid Marriott Auditorium Hotel & Conference Centre, Madrid, Spain
Duration: 17 Jun 201822 Jun 2018
https://www.asme.org/events/omae

Conference

ConferenceASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018
Abbreviated titleOMAE 2018
CountrySpain
CityMadrid
Period17/06/1822/06/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Submarine pipelines
Scour
Sediments
Erosion
Sand
Pipelines
Experiments
Sediment transport
Testing

Cite this

Draper, S., Yao, W., Cheng, L., Tom, J., & An, H. (2018). Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018): Pipelines, risers, and subsea systems (Vol. 5). [OMAE2018-77981] United States: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77981
Draper, Scott ; Yao, Weidong ; Cheng, Liang ; Tom, Joe ; An, Hongwei. / Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment. Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018): Pipelines, risers, and subsea systems. Vol. 5 United States : The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2018.
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abstract = "Estimating the horizontal rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline is a key step in estimating changes in the pipelines burial state and on-bottom stability due to sediment transport. However, whilst recent work has been undertaken to estimate the horizontal rate for non-cohesive uniform sands in steady current, in field conditions currents can vary in time and the sediment can be fine grained and exhibit very different erosion properties to sand. As a first attempt to account for these complications, in this paper we present results from a series of experiments designed to measure the rate of scour along a model pipeline in time varying currents and in a fine grained sediment. The scour experiments are also supplemented by erosion testing, which indicate that the erosion resistance of the fine grained sediment is larger than that predicted by the well-known Shields curve. Based on the scour experiments, it is found that in time-varying currents the scour rate can be predicted using an amalgamation of the results obtained for steady current conditions; this is a convenient result because theoretical predictions already exist for the scour rate in steady current conditions. In the fine grained sediment experiments, it is found that the horizontal rate of scour is much lower than that predicted by existing theoretical models that assume a non-cohesive sandy seabed. To provide an improved estimate of the horizontal rate of scour, a new theoretical model is introduced that relates the horizontal rate of scour to the measured erosion properties of the sediment. This new model is found to agree well with the experimental measurements. Although further experimental testing is recommended, in combination, it appears that these results may be used to better estimate the horizontal rate of scour in both time-varying and fine grained sediment.",
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Draper, S, Yao, W, Cheng, L, Tom, J & An, H 2018, Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment. in Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018): Pipelines, risers, and subsea systems. vol. 5, OMAE2018-77981, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), United States, ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2018, Madrid, Spain, 17/06/18. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77981

Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment. / Draper, Scott; Yao, Weidong; Cheng, Liang; Tom, Joe; An, Hongwei.

Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018): Pipelines, risers, and subsea systems. Vol. 5 United States : The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2018. OMAE2018-77981.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

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Draper S, Yao W, Cheng L, Tom J, An H. Estimating the rate of scour propagation along a submarine pipeline in time-varying currents and in fine grained sediment. In Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2018): Pipelines, risers, and subsea systems. Vol. 5. United States: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2018. OMAE2018-77981 https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77981