Estimating deception in consumer reviews based on extreme terms: Comparison analysis of open vs. closed hotel reservation platforms

Sangkil Moon, Moon Yong Kim, Paul K. Bergey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examine how open and closed review posting policies play differentiating roles in creating social media bias. As a supplementary method to existing ones detecting fake reviews, we develop a trust measure estimating how genuine the review is, based on the frequent usage of strongly positive or negative words. Using the hotel industry as our application context, we empirically demonstrate that our trust measure serves as a correction factor that reduces social media bias. Interestingly, we observe particular hotel service features revealing strong upward manipulation to promote the businesses (for example, positive overall recommendation, interesting surroundings, and personal travel). By contrast, we identify some other features that reveal the presence of strong downward manipulation (for example, negative overall recommendation, disappointing room amenities, and poor atmosphere). From a practical perspective, this research can help both managers and consumers make better informed decisions by reducing the impact attributable to social media manipulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-96
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

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Deception
Manipulation
Hotels
Reservation
Social media
Media bias
Factors
Hotel services
Hotel industry
Amenities
Atmosphere
Managers

Cite this

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abstract = "We examine how open and closed review posting policies play differentiating roles in creating social media bias. As a supplementary method to existing ones detecting fake reviews, we develop a trust measure estimating how genuine the review is, based on the frequent usage of strongly positive or negative words. Using the hotel industry as our application context, we empirically demonstrate that our trust measure serves as a correction factor that reduces social media bias. Interestingly, we observe particular hotel service features revealing strong upward manipulation to promote the businesses (for example, positive overall recommendation, interesting surroundings, and personal travel). By contrast, we identify some other features that reveal the presence of strong downward manipulation (for example, negative overall recommendation, disappointing room amenities, and poor atmosphere). From a practical perspective, this research can help both managers and consumers make better informed decisions by reducing the impact attributable to social media manipulation.",
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Estimating deception in consumer reviews based on extreme terms : Comparison analysis of open vs. closed hotel reservation platforms. / Moon, Sangkil; Kim, Moon Yong; Bergey, Paul K.

In: Journal of Business Research, Vol. 102, 01.09.2019, p. 83-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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