Using 96-well microtiter strip-plates we established in vitro ischemia models with acute, progressive and delayed neuronal death onset. In vitro ischemia was induced by washing neuronal cultures with a balanced salt solution with (acute/delayed models) or without (progressive model) 25 mM 2-deoxy-D-glucose and incubating in an anaerobic chamber. Reperfusion was performed by removing cultures from the anaerobic chamber and washing and/or adding Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium containing N2 supplement. Acute neuronal death resulted in cell swelling during in vitro ischemic incubation with the majority of neurons appearing swollen and necrotic within 3 h post-insult. Progressive neuronal death was characterized by cell shrinkage during and immediately following in vitro ischemia with increasing neuronal degeneration resembling both necrosis and apoptosis over a 24-h period post-in vitro ischemia. Delayed neuronal death was induced by glutamate-receptor blockade during in vitro ischemia. Neurons appeared morphologically normal immediately following and up to 6 h after in vitro ischemia and then started to degenerate over the next 42 h by a process resembling apoptosis. We monitored oxygen consumption during in vitro ischemia and found it to be similar for the three models and have shown that plastic culture wells store oxygen. The establishment of acute, progressive and delayed in vitro models of ischemia using 96-well microtiter strip-plates will provide useful tools to further investigate ischemic neuronal death/survival mechanisms and provide a high-throughput system to evaluate potential neuroprotective agents. Oxygen storage in plastic culture wells is likely to contribute to the extended oxygen- and oxygen-glucose-deprivation times required to induce significant neuronal injury in vitro.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Dec 2001|