Episodic modes of operation in hydrothermal gold systems: Part II. A model for gold deposition

Bruce Hobbs, Alison Ord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coupling between the physical processes intrinsic to a hydrothermal system can lead to episodic and chaotic behaviour. Such behaviour includes variations in both space and time of the temperature, fluid pressure and activity of H2S, which result in the deposition of alteration mineral assemblages, zoned pyrite and gold; these variations are multifractal. In particular, the coupling of deformation and simultaneous endothermic and exothermic reactions with fluid flow leads to the highly localized deposition of gold. We discuss the physical and chemical mechanisms for such episodic and localization behaviour and explore the non-linear dynamic reasons why such mechanisms are recorded in the multifractal paragenetic sequence and deformation history. The synchronization of intrinsic episodicity as described here and extrinsic forcing induced by episodic seismicity provides another mechanism for enhancing the yield of gold deposition processes and
hence the grade of orogenic gold deposits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-164
Number of pages18
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Volume453
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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