Epidemiology of personality disorders in individuals with gender dysphoria

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Prevalence estimates of personality disorders (PD) in individuals with gender dysphoria (GD) are variable and heterogeneous, as psychiatric comorbidity and long-term follow-up data from gender-diverse samples are still limited. This review aims to assess prevalence rates across age groups and discuss potential
reasons for variability in PD prevalence estimates among transgender people.
Recent findings
International epidemiological data from several countries indicate that the best available estimates of the Prevalence of any PD diagnosis in transgender youth are around 20% for adolescents and tend to increase to nearly 50% in trans-adults. The paucity of available data on personality dysfunction in children andadolescents with GD precluded us from definitive conclusions on the trends of emerging PDs in this population. Estimates of PD prevalence in transgender and gender-diverse people seem to be highly affected by methodological characteristics of the studies with no universally agreed reference standards for
this population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78–82
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


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