Enzymatic carbon dioxide capture using a thermally stable carbonic anhydrase as a promoter in potassium carbonate solvents

Guoping Hu, Kathryn H. Smith, Nathan J. Nicholas, Joel Yong, Sandra E. Kentish, Geoffrey W. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is an effective way to reduce CO2 emissions and to mitigate climate change effects. However, the cost of carbon capture has to be reduced to manageable levels before it can be deployed at an industrial scale. Potassium carbonate solutions (K2CO3) are good solvents for CO2 capture because they have low regeneration energy, low degradation rates and low corrosivity. However, one shortcoming of K2CO3 is that it has slow reaction kinetics with CO2. This limitation can be overcome by the addition of promoters to K2CO3 solutions. In this study, the catalysis kinetics of a carbonic anhydrase (NZCA) promoter was tested via the stopped flow technique and a wetted wall column (WWC). The Michaelis-Menten catalysis parameter (kcat/Km) was determined to be 2.7 × 107 M−1 s−1 at 298 K, allowing the catalysis reaction activation energy of 51 ± 1 kJ/mol to be obtained at 298–328 K. The catalysis coefficient of the NZCA was determined to be 5.3 × 108 M−1 s−1 using a WWC in 30 wt% potassium carbonate solutions (pH ∼ 11–12) at 323 K. Furthermore, the NZCA maintained more than 70% of its initial catalysis efficiency after continuously running for 8 h in 30 wt% K2CO3 solutions at pH of 10.6–10.8 and temperature of 323 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume307
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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