Ensuring park equity: a California case study

Stephen Gibson, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Vinit Mukhija

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


What determines park use by minority groups, and how can park equity be increased? To answer these questions, the study reviews the literature on the equitable use of parks, and analyzes the outreach strategies of 11 exemplary open space organizations with success in increasing park use by underprivileged groups. It finds that park suppliers can increase park use by making parks more accessible and welcoming, and incorporating the preferences of underprivileged groups in park design and programming. It suggests that the tripartite framework of distribution, accessibility and fit may be employed to plan for a more equitable use of parks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-405
JournalJournal of Urban Design
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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