Enhanced structure-function relationship in glaucoma with an anatomically and geometrically accurate neuroretinal rim measurement

Vishva M Danthurebandara, Glen P Sharpe, Donna M Hutchison, Jonathan Denniss, Marcelo T Nicolela, Allison M McKendrick, Andrew Turpin, Balwantray C Chauhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the structure-function relationship between disc margin-based rim area (DM-RA) obtained with confocal scanning laser tomography (CSLT), Bruch's membrane opening-based horizontal rim width (BMO-HRW), minimum rim width (BMO-MRW), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) obtained with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and visual field sensitivity.

METHODS: We examined 151 glaucoma patients with CSLT, SD-OCT, and standard automated perimetry on the same day. Optic nerve head (ONH) and RNFL with SD-OCT were acquired relative to a fixed coordinate system (acquired image frame [AIF]) and to the eye-specific fovea-BMO center (FoBMO) axis. Visual field locations were mapped to ONH and RNFL sectors with fixed Garway-Heath (VF(GH)) and patient-specific (VF(PS)) maps customized for various biometric parameters.

RESULTS: Globally and sectorally, the structure-function relationships between DM-RA and VF(GH), BMO-HRW(AIF) and VF(GH), and BMO-HRW(FoBMO) and VF(PS) were equally weak. The R(2) for the relationship between DM-RA and VF(GH) ranged from 0.1% (inferonasal) to 11% (superotemporal) whereas that between BMO-HRW(AIF) and VF(GH) ranged from 0.1% (nasal) to 10% (superotemporal). Relatively stronger global and sectoral structure-function relationships with BMO-MRW(AIF) and with BMO-MRW(FoBMO) were obtained. The R(2) between BMO-MRW(AIF) and VF(GH) ranged from 5% (nasal) to 30% (superotemporal), whereas that between BMO-MRW(FoBMO) and VF(PS) ranged from 5% (nasal) to 25% (inferotemporal). The structure-function relationship with RNFLT was not significantly different from that with BMO-MRW, regardless of image acquisition method.

CONCLUSIONS: The structure-function relationship was enhanced with BMO-MRW compared with the other neuroretinal rim measurements, due mainly to its geometrically accurate properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-105
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

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