Enhanced recovery principles applied to revision hip and knee arthroplasty leads to better patient outcomes

Zacharia Joseph, Nicholas Calvert, Michael Salmon, Matthew Harper, Alex Swann, Roger Tan, Kevin Blades, Piers Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: There is very little published literature on Enhanced Recovery Principles (ERP) used in primary joint replacements applied to revision hip and knee arthroplasty (rTHA, rTKA). Methods: Retrospective series of 268 rTHA and rTKA surgeries from 2010 -2018, treated with ERP, focusing on multimodal pain management, blood management and early functional recovery. Results: No patients from the latest cohort required readmission within 6 weeks. Only 20 patients (7.5%) required a blood transfusion. Surgical site local anaesthetic infiltration was associated with lower PCA use in aseptic rTHA and rTKA (p<0.001; p<0.001). Revisions for infection had a longer length of stay (LOS) and increased PCA usage in both rTHA (6.5 vs. 5.2 days) and rTKA (10.1 vs. 5.3 days), similar to our previous study.1 Use of an intra-articular catheter for analgesia in rTKA showed reduced PCA use. Tourniquets were not beneficial for blood loss in rTKA and had greater PCA use post-operatively (p<0.001). Conclusion: The application of ERP to revision THA and TKA surgery is safe and effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-547
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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