Enhanced proliferation, attachment and osteopontin expression by porcine periodontal cells exposed to Emdogain

Julio Rincon, Y. Xiao, W.G. Young, P.M. Bartold

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31 Citations (Scopus)


Emdogain (R) (EMD) is an enamel matrix derivative extracted from developing porcine teeth with demonstrated periodontal. regenerative potential. EMD has been shown to influence a number of properties of periodontal ligament cells including proliferation, cell attachment and matrix synthesis. To date, the effect of EMD on the epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM) is unknown.In this study, periodontal. ligament fibroblasts, ERM, alveolar bone cells and gingival. fibroblasts were obtained from porcine periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and gingiva. This study investigated, in vitro, the effect of EMD at three concentrations on proliferation, cell. attachment and expression of mRNA for two mineralised tissue-related proteins (osteopontin and bone sialoprotein).As for other periodontal. cells, the ERM proliferative response was enhanced by EMD. Attachment assays revealed a highly significant increase for ERM and gingival fibroblasts after EMD treatment at all concentrations. This study has also shown that EMD stimulated expression of osteopontin mRNA by ERM and alveolar bone cells.The results from this study provide evidence that EMD enhanced cellular events related with proliferation, attachment and osteopontin mRNA expression by porcine periodontal. cells, in a manner consistent with its role in periodontal. regenerative therapy. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1054
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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