Enhanced nodulation and phosphorus acquisition from sparingly-soluble iron phosphate upon treatment with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in chickpea

Jiayin Pang, Megan H. H. Ryan, Zhihui Wen, Hans Lambers, Yifei Liu, Yi Zhang, Guillaume Tueux, Sasha Jenkins, Bede Mickan, Wei San Wong, Jean Wan Hong Yong, Kadambot H. M. Siddique

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The coordination/trade-off among below-ground strategies for phosphorus (P) acquisition, including root morphology, carboxylate exudation and colonisation by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), is not well understood. This is the first study investigating the relationships between root nodulation, morphology, carboxylates and colonisation by an indigenous community of AMF under varying P levels and source. Two chickpea genotypes with contrasting amounts of rhizosheath carboxylates were grown in pots at six P levels (from 0 to 160 mu g g(-1)) as KH2PO4 (KP, highly soluble) or FePO4 (FeP, sparingly soluble), with or without AMF (+/- AMF) treatment. Under both FeP and KP, the presence of AMF inhibited shoot growth and shoot branching, decreased total root length and specific root length, increased mean root diameter and root tissue density and reduced carboxylates. However, the role of AMF in acquiring P differed between the two P sources, with the enhanced P acquisition under FeP while not under KP. Co-inoculation of AMF and rhizobia enhanced nodulation under FeP, but not under KP. Our results suggest that the effects of AMF on shoot branching were mediated by cytokinins as the reduced shoot branching in FeP40 and KP40 under +AMF relative to -AMF coincided with a decreased concentration of cytokinins in xylem sap for both genotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13873
Number of pages18
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

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