Enhanced Interfacial Adhesion of TiO2 Nanotubes Decorated With Ag Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by Photo-Reduction Process

Hafedh Dhiflaoui, Mohamed Aziz Hajjaji, Anouar Hajjaji, Lotfi Khezami, Ali Karrech, Brahim Bessais, Ahmed Ben Cheikh Larbi, Mosbah Amlouk

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2 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, the adhesion of TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2-NTs) to thicker substrates was improved by decorating them with metallic Ag nanoparticles (NPs) using the photo-reduction process. The obtained coatings were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The XRD confirmed that all TiO2-NTs crystallized in anatase after annealing at 400 °C regardless of the anodization potential. The SEM indicated that the TiO2-NTs were uniformly distributed on the substrate with an ordered and vertically aligned morphology. It also revealed that the diameter of the TiO2-NTs reached ∼100 nm. The decoration of TiO2-NTs surface with silver nanoparticles was assessed by the TEM. Moreover, a new scratch test mode called “wear mode” was performed to evaluate the wear resistance of the coatings. Results obtained by the scratch tests proved that the decorated coating with Ag nanoparticles improved the interfacial adhesion. The friction coefficient decreased from 0.65 to 0.45 when pure TiO2 was decorated with 10 min-Ag-NPs. The wear behavior was studied using a multi-pass scratch test. It was found that the wear volume reduced with the incorporation of Ag nanoparticles. The study of the damage mechanisms showed visco-elastic plastic deformation in the pure TiO2 coating.

Original languageEnglish
Article number091106
JournalJournal of Tribology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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