Energy Efficiency Convergence in China: Catch-Up, Lock-In and Regulatory Uniformity

Jianhuan Huang, Yantuan Yu, Chunbo Ma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    39 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper examines alternative hypotheses of beta convergence for different measures of energy efficiency. We collect a novel set of prefecture-level data that substantially extend the breadth of the datasets ever used in this literature. GMM estimators are then used to empirically test the national and club convergence of energy efficiency among these prefectures. We find strong evidence for prefecture-level national and club convergence in energy efficiency. In particular, the listed key environmental protection (KEP) prefectures, prefectures in central and western regions and prefectures not listed as resource-based (RB) converge faster than the non-KEP prefectures, prefectures in eastern region and RB prefectures. Sensitivity analyses suggest that these results are robust to alternative measures of energy efficiency and GMM specifications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)107–130
    Number of pages24
    JournalEnvironmental and Resource Economics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - May 2018


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