Emulation of a Chemical Transport Model to Assess Air Quality under Future Emission Scenarios for the Southwest of Western Australia

Stephen Vander Hoorn, Jill S. Johnson, Kevin Murray, Robin Smit, Jane Heyworth, Sean Lam, Martin Cope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simulation outputs from chemical transport models (CTMs) are essential to plan effective air quality policies. A key strength of these models is their ability to separate out source-specific components which facilitate the simulation of the potential impact of policy on future air quality. However, configuring and running these models is complex and computationally intensive, making the evaluation of multiple scenarios less accessible to many researchers and policy experts. The aim of this work is to present how Gaussian process emulation can provide a top-down approach to interrogating and interpreting the outputs from CTMs at minimal computational cost. A case study is presented (based on fine particle sources in the southwest of Western Australia) to illustrate how an emulator can be constructed to simultaneously evaluate changes in emissions from on-road transport and electricity sectors. This study demonstrates how emulation provides a flexible way of exploring local impacts of electric vehicles and wider regional effects of emissions from electricity generation. The potential for emulators to be applied to other settings involving air quality research is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2009
JournalAtmosphere
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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