Emu Oil Attenuates Disease Severity and Results in Fewer Large Colonic Tumors in a Mouse Model of Colitis-Associated Colorectal Cancer

Suzanne Mashtoub, Lauren C. Chartier, Debbie Trinder, Ian C. Lawrance, Gordon S. Howarth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis patients have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the current study was to determine whether Emu Oil (EO) could reduce the severity of colitis, thereby inhibiting colitis-associated CRC (CA-CRC) development. Female C57BL/6 mice (n = 8/group) were injected (i.p.) with saline or azoxymethane (AOM) (7.4 mg/kg). Mice underwent three dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)/water cycles. Mice were orally-administered either water (160 µL) or EO (80 µL or 160 µL) thrice weekly and euthanized after 12 weeks. AOM/DSS decreased bodyweight compared with normal controls (max. 20%; p < 0.05). In AOM/DSS mice, EO (160 µL) increased bodyweight compared with untreated and 80 µL EO-treated mice (max. 10%; p < 0.05). Both volumes of EO reduced disease activity index (DAI) scores on day 49, 56–63 (max. 40%; p < 0.05), compared with AOM/DSS controls. Histological damage was increased in the distal colon of AOM/DSS mice, and reduced by EO (160 µL; p < 0.05). Mucin-secreting goblet cells were increased by AOM/DSS compared to normal, with no effect observed following EO treatment (p > 0.05). Large tumor numbers were decreased in EO-treated mice (160 µL; 2 ± 0.6) compared with AOM/DSS controls (5 ± 0.7; p < 0.05). EO did not impact overall tumor number (p > 0.05). Other analyses remained unchanged across groups (p > 0.05). EO demonstrates promise as an adjunct to conventional treatment options for colitis management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrition and Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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