This multinational survey investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in seven countries. First-year dental undergraduates attending a dental school in England, Greece, Romania, South Africa, Australia, and the United States and three schools in Malaysia were invited to complete a set of questionnaires on age, gender, academic background, satisfaction with career choice, El, and PS. Of 860 questionnaires distributed, 596 were fully completed-a response rate of 69.3 percent. Mean El score was 123.8 (95 percent CI 122.7-124.9), and mean PS score was 19.1 (95 percent CI 18.6-19.7). Significant differences in, El and PS scores were detected between different countries. Females (p < 0.05), younger students (p < 0.001), those without a previous higher education qualification (p < 0.00 1), and those not satisfied with their decision to study dentistry (p < 0.001) were more likely to report PS when compared to their counterparts. A significant inverse relationship (coefficient=-0.29, p=0.001) between El and PS was detected. Independent significant predictors of PS identified were gender (B=0.22, t=5.71, p=0.001), previous higher education qualification (B=-0.14, t=-2.42, p=0.010), satisfaction with decision to study dentistry (B=-0.20, t=-5.11, p=0.001), and El (B=-0.24, t=-6.09, p=0.001), with the latter being relatively the most important predictor. In conclusion, the inverse relationship between El and PS has been confirmed in this heterogeneous sample representing diverse sociocultural and academic contexts of dental undergraduates.
|Journal||Journal of Dental Education|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|