Embedded Figures Test Performance in the Broader Autism Phenotype: A Meta-analysis

Serena J. Cribb, Michelle Olaithe, Renata Di Lorenzo, Patrick D. Dunlop, Murray T. Maybery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. People with autism show superior performance to controls on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT). However, studies examining the relationship between autistic-like traits and EFT performance in neurotypical individuals have yielded inconsistent findings. To examine the inconsistency, a meta-analysis was conducted of studies that (a) compared high and low Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) groups, and (b) treated AQ as a continuous variable. Outcomes are consistent with superior visual search forming part of the broader autism phenotype, but in existing literature, this is evident only when comparing extreme groups. Reanalysis of data from previous studies suggests findings are unlikely to be driven by a small number of high scorers. Monte Carlo simulations are used to illustrate the effect of methodological differences on results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2924-2939
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number9
Early online dateSep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

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Autistic Disorder
Meta-Analysis
Phenotype

Cite this

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Embedded Figures Test Performance in the Broader Autism Phenotype: A Meta-analysis. / Cribb, Serena J.; Olaithe, Michelle; Di Lorenzo, Renata; Dunlop, Patrick D.; Maybery, Murray T.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 46, No. 9, 09.2016, p. 2924-2939.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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