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The perceived contrast of a central stimulus is supressed when it is embedded in a higher contrast surround, centre-surround suppression of contrast. Local brightness induction effects between the two stimulus regions have been proposed to account for conflicting results when relative grating phases were different. Here, suppression and brightness induction effects are dissociated using a centre-surround arrangement with moving gratings. Four experienced observers were involved in experiments, utilising two-interval forced-choice contrast matching tasks. The stimuli were drifting sinusoidal grating patterns with surrounds (95% contrast) differing in direction of motion and orientation relative to the 40% contrast centre grating. First a 90°-phase-offset same direction surround condition was compared to both same direction (phase aligned) and opposing direction conditions. The reduction in the suppression for the phase-offset condition suggested a reduction in brightness induction influences. Then suppression was examined when surround directions varied and where phase was either fixed or randomised. For small changes in the motion direction between centre and surround (0° to 26.6°) the amount of brightness induction varied sinusoidally with the difference in phase introduced by the direction difference. Finally, the spatial separation between the centre and surround was varied to determine the reduction of suppression and brightness induction with increasing spatial distance. We found both fit an exponential decay function, with surround suppression producing the larger range of influence. Our findings quantify both brightness induction and suppression effects and validate the use of phase randomisation to remove effects of brightness induction when evaluating surround suppression.
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- 3 Finished
1/01/19 → 30/07/22
McKendrick, A., Badcock, D. & Vingrys, A.
1/01/15 → 31/12/18