Elevated plasma soluble CD14 and skewed CD16+ monocyte distribution persist despite normalisation of soluble CD163 and CXCL10 by effective HIV therapy: A changing paradigm for routine HIV laboratory monitoring?

A.S.L. Castley, C.M. Berry, Martyn French, Sonia Fernández, R.G. Krueger, D.A. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Castley et al. Objective: We investigated plasma and flow cytometric biomarkers of monocyte status that have been associated with prognostic utility in HIV infection and other chronic inflammatory diseases, comparing 81 HIV+ individuals with a range of treatment outcomes to a group of 21 healthy control blood donors. Our aim is to develop and optimise monocyte assays that combine biological relevance, clinical utility, and ease of adoption into routine HIV laboratory practice. Design: Cross-sectional evaluation of concurrent plasma and whole blood samples. Methods: A flow cytometry protocol was developed comprising single-tube CD45, CD14, CD16, CD64, CD163, CD143 analysis with appropriately matched isotype controls. Plasma levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14), soluble CD163 (sCD163) and CXCL10 were measured by ELISA. Results: HIV status was associated with significantly increased expression of CD64, CD143 and CD163 on CD16+ monocytes, irrespective of the virological response to HIV therapy. Plasma levels of sCD14, sCD163 and CXCL10 were also significantly elevated in association with viremic HIV infection. Plasma sCD163 and CXCL10 levels were restored to healthy control levels by effective antiretroviral therapy while sCD14 levels remained elevated despite virological suppression (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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