Electrophysiological brain activity and antisaccade performance in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms

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    Abstract

    Few studies have examined electrophysiological functioning in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms (FRS). In this study, we conducted a broad assessment of FRS patients' performance using data collected as part of the Western Australia Family Study of Schizophrenia, with a focus on event-related potential (ERP) measures [P50 suppression, mismatch negativity (MMN), the auditory oddball target (P300)], and the antisaccade task. A total of 39 patients (23 patients with, and 16 patients without FRS) and 80 controls were included. The results showed that patients with FRS had significantly reduced amplitude and longer latencies on the P300, as compared to controls. In addition, patients with FRS demonstrated more abnormalities on antisaccade error measures (error rate, self-correction latencies) relative to controls. On these measures, the performance of patients without FRS was not significantly different from controls. P300 and antisaccade error abnormalities in patients with FRS could not be accounted for by clinical variables, medication effects, or cognitive abilities. These results provide support for the proposal that FRS reflect a specific dysfunction in the monitoring and evaluation of sensory information.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)140-149
    JournalPsychiatry Research
    Volume170
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Schizophrenia
    Brain
    Western Australia
    Aptitude
    Evoked Potentials

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    title = "Electrophysiological brain activity and antisaccade performance in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms",
    abstract = "Few studies have examined electrophysiological functioning in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms (FRS). In this study, we conducted a broad assessment of FRS patients' performance using data collected as part of the Western Australia Family Study of Schizophrenia, with a focus on event-related potential (ERP) measures [P50 suppression, mismatch negativity (MMN), the auditory oddball target (P300)], and the antisaccade task. A total of 39 patients (23 patients with, and 16 patients without FRS) and 80 controls were included. The results showed that patients with FRS had significantly reduced amplitude and longer latencies on the P300, as compared to controls. In addition, patients with FRS demonstrated more abnormalities on antisaccade error measures (error rate, self-correction latencies) relative to controls. On these measures, the performance of patients without FRS was not significantly different from controls. P300 and antisaccade error abnormalities in patients with FRS could not be accounted for by clinical variables, medication effects, or cognitive abilities. These results provide support for the proposal that FRS reflect a specific dysfunction in the monitoring and evaluation of sensory information.",
    author = "Flavie Waters and Gregory Price and Milan Dragovic and Assen Jablensky",
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    T1 - Electrophysiological brain activity and antisaccade performance in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms

    AU - Waters, Flavie

    AU - Price, Gregory

    AU - Dragovic, Milan

    AU - Jablensky, Assen

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Few studies have examined electrophysiological functioning in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms (FRS). In this study, we conducted a broad assessment of FRS patients' performance using data collected as part of the Western Australia Family Study of Schizophrenia, with a focus on event-related potential (ERP) measures [P50 suppression, mismatch negativity (MMN), the auditory oddball target (P300)], and the antisaccade task. A total of 39 patients (23 patients with, and 16 patients without FRS) and 80 controls were included. The results showed that patients with FRS had significantly reduced amplitude and longer latencies on the P300, as compared to controls. In addition, patients with FRS demonstrated more abnormalities on antisaccade error measures (error rate, self-correction latencies) relative to controls. On these measures, the performance of patients without FRS was not significantly different from controls. P300 and antisaccade error abnormalities in patients with FRS could not be accounted for by clinical variables, medication effects, or cognitive abilities. These results provide support for the proposal that FRS reflect a specific dysfunction in the monitoring and evaluation of sensory information.

    AB - Few studies have examined electrophysiological functioning in schizophrenia patients with first-rank (passivity) symptoms (FRS). In this study, we conducted a broad assessment of FRS patients' performance using data collected as part of the Western Australia Family Study of Schizophrenia, with a focus on event-related potential (ERP) measures [P50 suppression, mismatch negativity (MMN), the auditory oddball target (P300)], and the antisaccade task. A total of 39 patients (23 patients with, and 16 patients without FRS) and 80 controls were included. The results showed that patients with FRS had significantly reduced amplitude and longer latencies on the P300, as compared to controls. In addition, patients with FRS demonstrated more abnormalities on antisaccade error measures (error rate, self-correction latencies) relative to controls. On these measures, the performance of patients without FRS was not significantly different from controls. P300 and antisaccade error abnormalities in patients with FRS could not be accounted for by clinical variables, medication effects, or cognitive abilities. These results provide support for the proposal that FRS reflect a specific dysfunction in the monitoring and evaluation of sensory information.

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