Electromagnetic absorption of copper fiber oriented composite using 3D printing

Junbo Sun, Farhad Aslani, Jianjun Wei, Xiangyu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Electromagnetic wave (EMW) pollution negatively impacts information, equipment security, and the human body. However, neither powder phase absorbent nor ferrite fiber using traditional casting methodology cannot form electromagnetic superstructure to flexibly enhance EMW absorbing capacity. Thereby, ferrite fiber absorbent in well-oriented manner by 3D printing can be a feasible solution in EMW absorption due to its structural EMW anisotropy property. In this study, the influence of EMW superstructures using 3D-printed oriented copper fiber upon microwave reflectivity is investigated, and an equivalent waveguide attenuator model is proposed. First, an EMW-absorbing composite containing 6 wt% copper powder and 25 wt% copper slag is prepared. In copper slag cementitious composite, copper fiber (CF) and steel fiber (SF) are incorporated at 0.5 wt% separately. In each group, EMW-absorbing elements are manufactured through casting, laminar parallel printing, and cross printing. The superstructure anisotropy and EMW absorption performance are investigated through a network analyzer. The cross superstructure is outstanding in low-frequency absorption, while the parallel superstructure demonstrates desirable reflectivity at a high-frequency range. The copper fiber-reinforced element produced through crossed printing is determined as the optimized configuration, reaching a −20.43 dB reflectivity peak with an 11.79 GHz bandwidth. Lastly, an equivalent waveguide attenuator model is proposed to explain the superposition enhancement of the dielectric property, space impedance matching, and multiple scattering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124026
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2021


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