Electroencephalogram Reactivity to Hyperglycemia in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes

Cuong Q. Ngo, Rifai Chai, Timothy W. Jones, Hung T. Nguyen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

This paper is concerned with a study of hyperglycemia on four patients with type 1 diabetes at night time. We investigated the association between hyperglycemic episodes and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals using data from the central and occipital areas. The power spectral density of the brain waves was estimated to compare the difference between hyperglycemia and euglycemia using the hyperglycemic threshold of 8.3 mmol/L. The statistical results showed that alpha and beta bands were more sensitive to hyperglycemic episodes than delta and theta bands. During hyperglycemia, whereas the alpha power increased significantly in the occipital lobe (P<0.005), the power of the beta band increased significantly in all observed channels (P<0.01). Using the Pearson correlation, we assessed the relationship between EEG signals and glycemic episodes. The estimated EEG power levels of the alpha band and the beta band produced a significant correlation against blood glucose levels (P<0.005). These preliminary results show the potential of using EEG signals as a biomarker to detect hyperglycemia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages5224-5227
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 20 Jul 202024 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period20/07/2024/07/20

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