TY - JOUR

T1 - Electric and magnetic susceptibilities of gaseous oxygen: Present data and modern theory compared

AU - May, Eric

AU - Moldover, M.R.

AU - Schmidt, J.W.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - We used a cross capacitor to measure the relative dielectric permittivity epsilon(r) of O-2 at 273, 293, and 323 K and at pressures up to 6.5 MPa. Simultaneously we measured oxygen's complex refractive index n using a quasi-spherical cavity resonator at frequencies between 2.4 and 7.3 GHz. The combined results from these measurements determine oxygen's frequency-dependent, relative magnetic permeability mu(r)(f, p, T) with an uncertainty of less than 1% of (mu(r)-1) at pressures above 2 MPa. Regression of these data to a model for oxygen's impact -broadened microwave spectrum allowed us to determine two quantities that are, in principle, amenable to calculation: the molar magnetic susceptibility in the limits of zero pressure and zero frequency chi(meas)(M00) equivalent to chi(M) (0,0,293.15 K) and the second magnetic virial coefficient b(mu). With oxygen's electronic g factor constrained to 2.0039 +/- 0.0003 (the value known from laser magnetic resonance, EPR, and molecular beam experiments) we obtained chi(meas)(M00) = (42.92 +/- 0.06) x 10(-9) m(3) mol(-1) and b(mu) = -1.8 +/- 0.5 cm(3) mol(-1). The result for chi(meas)(M00) is consistent with a recent ab initio calculation chi(meas)(M00)/chi(calc)(M00) = 0.9998 +/- 0.0014. Our measurements of oxygen's magnetic susceptibility are the first made relative to the susceptibility of helium calculated ab initio. All previous measurements were made relative to the diamagnetic susceptibility of water. These previous measurements, published in 1943 or earlier, span the wider range 0.975 chi(meas)(M00)/chi(calc)(M00) 1.019. Our measurements of epsilon(r) determine the static molecular dielectric polarizability of oxygen: (1.7456 +/- 0.0003) x 10(-40) F m(2), which deviates by + 0.7 and -0.1% from two recent ab initio calculations.

AB - We used a cross capacitor to measure the relative dielectric permittivity epsilon(r) of O-2 at 273, 293, and 323 K and at pressures up to 6.5 MPa. Simultaneously we measured oxygen's complex refractive index n using a quasi-spherical cavity resonator at frequencies between 2.4 and 7.3 GHz. The combined results from these measurements determine oxygen's frequency-dependent, relative magnetic permeability mu(r)(f, p, T) with an uncertainty of less than 1% of (mu(r)-1) at pressures above 2 MPa. Regression of these data to a model for oxygen's impact -broadened microwave spectrum allowed us to determine two quantities that are, in principle, amenable to calculation: the molar magnetic susceptibility in the limits of zero pressure and zero frequency chi(meas)(M00) equivalent to chi(M) (0,0,293.15 K) and the second magnetic virial coefficient b(mu). With oxygen's electronic g factor constrained to 2.0039 +/- 0.0003 (the value known from laser magnetic resonance, EPR, and molecular beam experiments) we obtained chi(meas)(M00) = (42.92 +/- 0.06) x 10(-9) m(3) mol(-1) and b(mu) = -1.8 +/- 0.5 cm(3) mol(-1). The result for chi(meas)(M00) is consistent with a recent ab initio calculation chi(meas)(M00)/chi(calc)(M00) = 0.9998 +/- 0.0014. Our measurements of oxygen's magnetic susceptibility are the first made relative to the susceptibility of helium calculated ab initio. All previous measurements were made relative to the diamagnetic susceptibility of water. These previous measurements, published in 1943 or earlier, span the wider range 0.975 chi(meas)(M00)/chi(calc)(M00) 1.019. Our measurements of epsilon(r) determine the static molecular dielectric polarizability of oxygen: (1.7456 +/- 0.0003) x 10(-40) F m(2), which deviates by + 0.7 and -0.1% from two recent ab initio calculations.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.032522

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.032522

M3 - Article

SN - 1050-2947

VL - 78

SP - 032522-1 to 032522-15

JO - Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)

JF - Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)

IS - 3

ER -