Effects of Temperature (0° to 150°C), Ion Association and Solvent Compressibility on Apparent Molar Volumes of Electrolytes

Michael Bremers

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

[Truncated] Data were obtained at 298.15 K on the apparent molar volumes of 25 electrolytes in N-methylformamide, formamide, propylene carbonate, acetonitrile and water by using two sizes of dilution dilatometer over a wide concentration range and by vibrating densimeter for liquid sulphur dioxide solutions. These results are discussed in terms of additivity, conformity to the Debye-Hückel limiting law and ion-pairing.
Of the bulk of the dilatometry data only electrolytes in acetonitrile showed,any significant deviations for the Debye-Hückel limiting law. These anomalies were attributed to ion-pair formation so association constants and volume changes on ion-pairing were calculated by two different fitting procedures for eleven electrolytes. To test this purely volumetric method of evaluating association constants a similar fitting procedure was used on aqueous MgS04 data for which reliable association constants and some volume change on ion-pairing information is available. The results show that the association constant and ion-pairing volume change were comparable with literature values.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Western Australia
Award date30 Jun 1986
DOIs
Publication statusUnpublished - 1986

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Compressibility
Density (specific gravity)
Electrolytes
Ions
methylformamide
Temperature
Sulfur Dioxide
Dilatometers
Dilution
Water
Liquids
acetonitrile

Cite this

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title = "Effects of Temperature (0° to 150°C), Ion Association and Solvent Compressibility on Apparent Molar Volumes of Electrolytes",
abstract = "[Truncated] Data were obtained at 298.15 K on the apparent molar volumes of 25 electrolytes in N-methylformamide, formamide, propylene carbonate, acetonitrile and water by using two sizes of dilution dilatometer over a wide concentration range and by vibrating densimeter for liquid sulphur dioxide solutions. These results are discussed in terms of additivity, conformity to the Debye-H{\"u}ckel limiting law and ion-pairing.Of the bulk of the dilatometry data only electrolytes in acetonitrile showed,any significant deviations for the Debye-H{\"u}ckel limiting law. These anomalies were attributed to ion-pair formation so association constants and volume changes on ion-pairing were calculated by two different fitting procedures for eleven electrolytes. To test this purely volumetric method of evaluating association constants a similar fitting procedure was used on aqueous MgS04 data for which reliable association constants and some volume change on ion-pairing information is available. The results show that the association constant and ion-pairing volume change were comparable with literature values.",
author = "Michael Bremers",
year = "1986",
doi = "10.26182/5dc25496ad25f",
language = "English",
school = "The University of Western Australia",

}

TY - THES

T1 - Effects of Temperature (0° to 150°C), Ion Association and Solvent Compressibility on Apparent Molar Volumes of Electrolytes

AU - Bremers, Michael

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - [Truncated] Data were obtained at 298.15 K on the apparent molar volumes of 25 electrolytes in N-methylformamide, formamide, propylene carbonate, acetonitrile and water by using two sizes of dilution dilatometer over a wide concentration range and by vibrating densimeter for liquid sulphur dioxide solutions. These results are discussed in terms of additivity, conformity to the Debye-Hückel limiting law and ion-pairing.Of the bulk of the dilatometry data only electrolytes in acetonitrile showed,any significant deviations for the Debye-Hückel limiting law. These anomalies were attributed to ion-pair formation so association constants and volume changes on ion-pairing were calculated by two different fitting procedures for eleven electrolytes. To test this purely volumetric method of evaluating association constants a similar fitting procedure was used on aqueous MgS04 data for which reliable association constants and some volume change on ion-pairing information is available. The results show that the association constant and ion-pairing volume change were comparable with literature values.

AB - [Truncated] Data were obtained at 298.15 K on the apparent molar volumes of 25 electrolytes in N-methylformamide, formamide, propylene carbonate, acetonitrile and water by using two sizes of dilution dilatometer over a wide concentration range and by vibrating densimeter for liquid sulphur dioxide solutions. These results are discussed in terms of additivity, conformity to the Debye-Hückel limiting law and ion-pairing.Of the bulk of the dilatometry data only electrolytes in acetonitrile showed,any significant deviations for the Debye-Hückel limiting law. These anomalies were attributed to ion-pair formation so association constants and volume changes on ion-pairing were calculated by two different fitting procedures for eleven electrolytes. To test this purely volumetric method of evaluating association constants a similar fitting procedure was used on aqueous MgS04 data for which reliable association constants and some volume change on ion-pairing information is available. The results show that the association constant and ion-pairing volume change were comparable with literature values.

U2 - 10.26182/5dc25496ad25f

DO - 10.26182/5dc25496ad25f

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

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