Effects of phosphorus on the formation of mycorrhizas by Gigaspora calospora and Glomus fasciculatum in relation to root carbohydrates

B. D. Thomson, A. D. Robson, L. K. Abbott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared the effects of phosphorus (P) supply on the formation of vesicular‐arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizas in Trifolium subterraneum L. by Gigaspora calospora (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. and Glomus fasciculatum (Thaxter sensu Gerd.) Gerd & Trappe. 

For both fungi, increasing the supply of P decreased the percentage of root length infected. At low P, this decrease was associated with a reduction in the growth of the fungi inside the root. At higher P, the growth of the fungi outside the root was also reduced. These detrimental effects of P on the growth of both mycorrhizal fungi were correlated with reductions in the concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in root extracts and root exudates but were not correlated with the concentrations of free amino‐nitrogen in extracts or exudates. 

The percentage of root length infected by G. calospora was decreased to a greater extent than that of G. fasciculatum with increasing P supply. This could partially be explained by the lower concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in the roots of plants inoculated with G. calospora. Additionally, the percentage of root length infected by G. calospora appeared to be more sensitive to reductions in the supply of soluble carbohydrates than that of G. fasciculatum

Growth responses to inoculation were dependent on the species of mycorrhizal fungus and the P level. Enhancements and depressions in the growth of tops could be explained in terms of increased and decreased P uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-765
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume103
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1986

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Gigaspora calospora
Glomus fasciculatum
mycorrhizae
Phosphorus
Fungi
Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
phosphorus
Growth
mycorrhizal fungi
fungi
Exudates and Transudates
Trifolium subterraneum
root exudates
extracts
Trifolium
Plant Roots
growth retardation
uptake mechanisms

Cite this

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title = "Effects of phosphorus on the formation of mycorrhizas by Gigaspora calospora and Glomus fasciculatum in relation to root carbohydrates",
abstract = "We compared the effects of phosphorus (P) supply on the formation of vesicular‐arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizas in Trifolium subterraneum L. by Gigaspora calospora (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. and Glomus fasciculatum (Thaxter sensu Gerd.) Gerd & Trappe. For both fungi, increasing the supply of P decreased the percentage of root length infected. At low P, this decrease was associated with a reduction in the growth of the fungi inside the root. At higher P, the growth of the fungi outside the root was also reduced. These detrimental effects of P on the growth of both mycorrhizal fungi were correlated with reductions in the concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in root extracts and root exudates but were not correlated with the concentrations of free amino‐nitrogen in extracts or exudates. The percentage of root length infected by G. calospora was decreased to a greater extent than that of G. fasciculatum with increasing P supply. This could partially be explained by the lower concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in the roots of plants inoculated with G. calospora. Additionally, the percentage of root length infected by G. calospora appeared to be more sensitive to reductions in the supply of soluble carbohydrates than that of G. fasciculatum. Growth responses to inoculation were dependent on the species of mycorrhizal fungus and the P level. Enhancements and depressions in the growth of tops could be explained in terms of increased and decreased P uptake.",
keywords = "free amino‐nitrogen, root extracts, root exudates, soluble carbohydrates, subterranean clover, Vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhiza",
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T1 - Effects of phosphorus on the formation of mycorrhizas by Gigaspora calospora and Glomus fasciculatum in relation to root carbohydrates

AU - Thomson, B. D.

AU - Robson, A. D.

AU - Abbott, L. K.

PY - 1986/8

Y1 - 1986/8

N2 - We compared the effects of phosphorus (P) supply on the formation of vesicular‐arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizas in Trifolium subterraneum L. by Gigaspora calospora (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. and Glomus fasciculatum (Thaxter sensu Gerd.) Gerd & Trappe. For both fungi, increasing the supply of P decreased the percentage of root length infected. At low P, this decrease was associated with a reduction in the growth of the fungi inside the root. At higher P, the growth of the fungi outside the root was also reduced. These detrimental effects of P on the growth of both mycorrhizal fungi were correlated with reductions in the concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in root extracts and root exudates but were not correlated with the concentrations of free amino‐nitrogen in extracts or exudates. The percentage of root length infected by G. calospora was decreased to a greater extent than that of G. fasciculatum with increasing P supply. This could partially be explained by the lower concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in the roots of plants inoculated with G. calospora. Additionally, the percentage of root length infected by G. calospora appeared to be more sensitive to reductions in the supply of soluble carbohydrates than that of G. fasciculatum. Growth responses to inoculation were dependent on the species of mycorrhizal fungus and the P level. Enhancements and depressions in the growth of tops could be explained in terms of increased and decreased P uptake.

AB - We compared the effects of phosphorus (P) supply on the formation of vesicular‐arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizas in Trifolium subterraneum L. by Gigaspora calospora (Nicol. & Gerd.) Gerd. and Glomus fasciculatum (Thaxter sensu Gerd.) Gerd & Trappe. For both fungi, increasing the supply of P decreased the percentage of root length infected. At low P, this decrease was associated with a reduction in the growth of the fungi inside the root. At higher P, the growth of the fungi outside the root was also reduced. These detrimental effects of P on the growth of both mycorrhizal fungi were correlated with reductions in the concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in root extracts and root exudates but were not correlated with the concentrations of free amino‐nitrogen in extracts or exudates. The percentage of root length infected by G. calospora was decreased to a greater extent than that of G. fasciculatum with increasing P supply. This could partially be explained by the lower concentrations of soluble carbohydrates in the roots of plants inoculated with G. calospora. Additionally, the percentage of root length infected by G. calospora appeared to be more sensitive to reductions in the supply of soluble carbohydrates than that of G. fasciculatum. Growth responses to inoculation were dependent on the species of mycorrhizal fungus and the P level. Enhancements and depressions in the growth of tops could be explained in terms of increased and decreased P uptake.

KW - free amino‐nitrogen

KW - root extracts

KW - root exudates

KW - soluble carbohydrates

KW - subterranean clover

KW - Vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhiza

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DO - 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1986.tb00850.x

M3 - Article

VL - 103

SP - 751

EP - 765

JO - The New Phytologist

JF - The New Phytologist

SN - 0028-646X

IS - 4

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