Effects of muscle strength and endurance on blood pressure and related cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to adolescence

Denise L. Demmer, Lawrence J. Beilin, Beth Hands, Sally Burrows, Kay L. Cox, Leon M. Straker, Trevor A. Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to examine the evolution of relationships between measures of muscle strength and endurance with individual cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to late adolescence in a prospective population-based cohort.

Methods: Participants from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at ages 10, 14 and 17 were analysed, using longitudinal linear mixed model analyses.

Results: Handgrip strength after adjusting for the confounding effects of BMI was positively associated with SBP, but not DBP. The association between handgrip strength and SBP was stronger in men than women at all time points [coefficient (women): 0.18, P

Conclusion: The positive association between handgrip strength and back muscle endurance with SBP throughout childhood and adolescence contrasts with beneficial effects on other related traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. Mechanisms underlying these paradoxical effects on SBP warrant further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2365-2375
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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Muscle Strength
Back Muscles
Blood Pressure
Linear Models
Cohort Studies
Pregnancy
Population

Cite this

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title = "Effects of muscle strength and endurance on blood pressure and related cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to adolescence",
abstract = "Objective: This study aimed to examine the evolution of relationships between measures of muscle strength and endurance with individual cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to late adolescence in a prospective population-based cohort.Methods: Participants from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at ages 10, 14 and 17 were analysed, using longitudinal linear mixed model analyses.Results: Handgrip strength after adjusting for the confounding effects of BMI was positively associated with SBP, but not DBP. The association between handgrip strength and SBP was stronger in men than women at all time points [coefficient (women): 0.18, PConclusion: The positive association between handgrip strength and back muscle endurance with SBP throughout childhood and adolescence contrasts with beneficial effects on other related traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. Mechanisms underlying these paradoxical effects on SBP warrant further investigation.",
keywords = "blood pressure, cardiometabolic risk factors, endurance, epidemiology, muscle strength, obesity, observational studies, FATTY LIVER-DISEASE, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, METABOLIC RISK, MUSCULAR STRENGTH, CONTROLLED-TRIALS, BODY-COMPOSITION, GROWTH-HORMONE, GRIP STRENGTH, CELL FUNCTION",
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Effects of muscle strength and endurance on blood pressure and related cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to adolescence. / Demmer, Denise L.; Beilin, Lawrence J.; Hands, Beth; Burrows, Sally; Cox, Kay L.; Straker, Leon M.; Mori, Trevor A.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 34, No. 12, 12.2016, p. 2365-2375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of muscle strength and endurance on blood pressure and related cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to adolescence

AU - Demmer, Denise L.

AU - Beilin, Lawrence J.

AU - Hands, Beth

AU - Burrows, Sally

AU - Cox, Kay L.

AU - Straker, Leon M.

AU - Mori, Trevor A.

PY - 2016/12

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