Effects of muscle strength and endurance on blood pressure and related cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to adolescence

Denise L. Demmer, Lawrence J. Beilin, Beth Hands, Sally Burrows, Kay L. Cox, Leon M. Straker, Trevor A. Mori

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)
    318 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Objective: This study aimed to examine the evolution of relationships between measures of muscle strength and endurance with individual cardiometabolic risk factors from childhood to late adolescence in a prospective population-based cohort.

    Methods: Participants from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at ages 10, 14 and 17 were analysed, using longitudinal linear mixed model analyses.

    Results: Handgrip strength after adjusting for the confounding effects of BMI was positively associated with SBP, but not DBP. The association between handgrip strength and SBP was stronger in men than women at all time points [coefficient (women): 0.18, P

    Conclusion: The positive association between handgrip strength and back muscle endurance with SBP throughout childhood and adolescence contrasts with beneficial effects on other related traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. Mechanisms underlying these paradoxical effects on SBP warrant further investigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2365-2375
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Hypertension
    Volume34
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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