BACKGROUND: Fibrin deposition is central to the acute humoral rejection process occurring in the presence of consumptive coagulopathy when pig organs are transplanted into primates.
METHODS: To assess whether strategies aimed at preventing fibrin formation may extend xenograft survival, we administered high daily doses of recombinant human antithrombin (rhAT) (500 U/kg twice daily) to obtain both anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory effects in immunosuppressed primate recipients of porcine kidneys.
RESULTS: Some degree of consumptive coagulopathy developed in both rhAT-treated (n=3) and untreated (n=3) primates. No major differences in the coagulation parameters analyzed were observed between the 2 groups. Similarly, no difference in survival was seen between rhAT-treated (20.6+/-4 days; range: 15-23 days) and untreated animals (17.3+/-11.6 days; range: 7-30 days), although the rhAT-treated primates had a higher bleeding tendency. Despite the high daily dose of rhAT, considerable fibrin deposition was observed in the graft as early as 2 weeks after transplantation.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a high daily dose of rhAT fails to influence survival or prevent fibrin formation and deposition in the graft in our pig-to-primate model. However, the potential role of rhAT administered in combination with heparins or other clotting inhibitor concentrates in this model remains to be determined.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Nov 2005|