Effects of ionic strength and nature of the cation on the desorption of fluoride from soil

N. J. BARROW, T. C. SHAW

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction between soil and added fluoride was accelerated by incubating at a high temperature. Desorption of the fluoride was then studied using solutions of chloride salts of several cations at a range of solution : soil ratios and for periods which ranged from 1 h to 4 days. Fluoride desorbed was related to the experimental variables by a regression equation. When the solution : soil ratio was small and hence only small amounts of fluoride were desorbed, decreasing the concentration of salts increased the concentration of fluoride in the solution. The concentration in the solution was lower for calcium chloride than for sodium or potassium chloride. Amongst the monovalent cations, the concentration of fluoride was highest for salts of the cations of lowest atomic number. Thus the greater the average distance between the charge conveyed to the surface by the adsorbed fluoride and the cation which balanced it, the higher the fluoride concentration in the solution. As the solution : soil ratio was increased, the differences between the cations in their effects on fluoride desorption decreased and seemed to disappear as the solution : soil ratio became very large. This contrasts with previously observed effects on phosphate. It is suggested that the difference may have arisen because appreciable desorption of fluoride occurs by exchange with hydroxyl ions rather than by escape of the fluoride ion together with its counter ion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-231
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Soil Science
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1982

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